Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

100th Amendment of Indian Constitution

The 100th Amendment to the Indian Constitution holds immense significance as it pertains to the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) between India and Bangladesh. This amendment addressed long-standing border disputes and aimed to redefine the borders between the two nations for mutual cooperation and development. In this article, we will delve into the details of the 100th Amendment and its impact on the India-Bangladesh border.

100th Amendment of Indian Constitution
100th Amendment of Indian Constitution

Historical Context

The India-Bangladesh border had several enclaves which led to complex administrative and humanitarian challenges. These issues arose from the partition of India in 1947 and the subsequent independence of Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) from Pakistan in 1971.

Key Provisions of the 100th Amendment

The 100th Amendment, passed in 2015, facilitated the implementation of the Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh. The amendment included the following provisions:

  • Exchange of Enclaves: The amendment allowed for the exchange of enclaves between India and Bangladesh. Enclaves are pockets of one country’s territory surrounded by the other country’s land.
  • Border Re-demarcation: The amendment authorized the re-demarcation of the India-Bangladesh border to align it with the actual ground positions.
  • Citizenship Rights: The amendment addressed the issue of citizenship rights for individuals residing in the enclaves, ensuring that they had the opportunity to choose their nationality.

Impact and Benefits

The implementation of the 100th Amendment and the Land Boundary Agreement brought several significant benefits:

  • Resolution of Border Disputes: The amendment helped resolve long-standing border disputes and eliminated complex enclaves and counter-enclaves, thereby providing clarity and stability to the India-Bangladesh border.
  • Enhanced Bilateral Relations: The agreement strengthened the relationship between India and Bangladesh, fostering goodwill and cooperation in various areas, including trade, security, and people-to-people ties.
  • Humanitarian Benefits: The amendment improved the lives of people residing in the enclaves, granting them access to basic services such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure facilities, which were previously limited or absent.
  • Regional Integration and Development: The re-demarcation of the border facilitated better connectivity and trade opportunities, promoting regional integration and economic development in the border regions of both countries.

Challenges and Implementation

The implementation of the Land Boundary Agreement and the 100th Amendment posed significant logistical and administrative challenges. These included the physical transfer of populations, providing adequate compensation and rehabilitation, and ensuring effective coordination between both governments.

Future Implications

The 100th Amendment and the Land Boundary Agreement have set a positive precedent for resolving border disputes in the region. It highlights the potential for peaceful negotiations and diplomatic solutions to address territorial issues.


The 100th Amendment to the Indian Constitution, which facilitated the Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh, brought an end to complex border disputes and enclaves that had persisted for decades. This historic amendment paved the way for enhanced bilateral relations, regional integration, and improved living conditions for residents in the affected areas. It stands as a testament to the power of diplomacy and peaceful resolutions in strengthening relations between neighboring countries and fostering mutual development and cooperation.

Important Links