The Abyssinian Plateau is also known as the Ethiopian Highlands. It is a rugged region in eastern Africa that encompasses much of Ethiopia and Eritrea. The plateau covers an area of about 400,000 square kilometers and has an average elevation of 2,000 to 3,000 meters above sea level, with some peaks reaching over 4,600 meters.
The Abyssinian Plateau is a unique ecosystem with a diverse range of flora and fauna, including endemic species found nowhere else in the world. It is also the source of several major rivers in Africa, including the Blue Nile, which flows into the Nile River and ultimately empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
"The region has been inhabited by humans for thousands of years and has a rich cultural heritage. "
The plateau has a long and complex geological history, with volcanic activity and tectonic forces shaping the landscape over millions of years. There are numerous ancient sites and landmarks, like the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela and the obelisks of Axum.