Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Agroforestry in India

Agroforestry is an agricultural practice that involves growing trees and crops on the same piece of land. It is a sustainable and eco-friendly approach that has gained popularity in India due to its numerous benefits. In this article, we will take a closer look at the concept of agroforestry in India.

The Benefits of Agroforestry in India

Agroforestry has numerous benefits for farmers and the environment, including:

  1. Increased soil fertility: Trees in agroforestry systems improve soil fertility by adding organic matter and nutrients, reducing erosion, and increasing water-holding capacity.
  2. Diversification of income: Agroforestry provides multiple sources of income for farmers, including timber, fruits, nuts, and other crops. This diversification helps farmers reduce their reliance on a single crop and provides a more stable income.
  3. Climate change mitigation: Trees in agroforestry systems sequester carbon from the atmosphere, helping to mitigate the effects of climate change.
  4. Biodiversity conservation: Agroforestry systems provide habitat for a variety of plant and animal species, promoting biodiversity conservation.
  5. Water conservation: Trees in agroforestry systems reduce soil erosion and increase water-holding capacity, helping to conserve water resources.

Agroforestry Practices in India

Agroforestry practices in India vary depending on the region and the type of crops and trees grown. Some common practices include:

  1. Taungya system: This system involves planting crops between rows of trees. The crops are grown during the early stages of tree growth, providing additional income for the farmers.
  2. Silvopastoral system: This system involves integrating trees, forage, and livestock production. The trees provide shade for the animals, while the animals provide manure to fertilize the soil.
  3. Agrosilvicultural system: This system involves growing trees and crops together, providing mutual benefits for both.
  4. Homegarden system: This system involves growing trees and crops in a backyard or a small piece of land, providing food and income for the family.

Challenges and Future of Agroforestry in India

Despite the numerous benefits of agroforestry, there are also several challenges, including a lack of awareness and understanding of agroforestry practices, limited access to resources and information, and the difficulty of integrating trees and crops. However, the Indian government has taken several initiatives to promote agroforestry, such as the National Agroforestry Policy, which aims to increase the area under agroforestry to 25 million hectares by 2025.


In conclusion, agroforestry is an eco-friendly and sustainable agricultural practice that has numerous benefits for farmers and the environment. Agroforestry practices in India vary depending on the region and the type of crops and trees grown. Although there are challenges to the widespread adoption of agroforestry, the Indian government is taking initiatives to promote it. By integrating trees and crops, Indian farmers can improve soil fertility, diversify their income, mitigate climate change, conserve biodiversity, and conserve water resources.