Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Barak river is the main river of which two States of India?

The Barak River is the main river of the two Indian states of Assam and Manipur. It flows through these states in northeastern India, providing water resources and playing a significant role in the region’s geography and culture.

It is one of the major rivers in the Brahmaputra River basin and has a significant impact on the region’s geography, ecology, and socio-economic activities. Here are some key details about the Barak River:

Course and Geography:

  • The Barak River originates in the Barail Range of the Indian state of Manipur.
  • It flows in a southerly direction through Manipur before entering the state of Assam.
  • In Assam, the river takes a more meandering course, flowing through the districts of Cachar and Karimganj.
  • The Barak River eventually meets the Surma River in Bangladesh, and together they form the Meghna River, which ultimately flows into the Bay of Bengal.


  • The Barak River is fed by several tributaries, including the Jiri River and Irang River in Manipur and the Madhura River, Sonai River, and Dhaleshwari River in Assam.


  • The Barak River is essential for the region’s agriculture, serving as a source of water for irrigation and cultivation.
  • It also has hydroelectric potential, with dams and hydropower projects constructed along its course.
  • The river plays a vital role in the transportation of goods and people in the region, facilitating trade and connectivity.

Ecological Significance:

  • The Barak River and its associated wetlands and floodplains support diverse flora and fauna, including several species of fish and aquatic life.
  • It is an important habitat for migratory birds and contributes to the overall biodiversity of the region.

Cultural Significance:

  • The Barak River basin is home to various indigenous communities and cultures, and the river has cultural and historical significance for the people living along its banks.


  • The region around the Barak River is susceptible to flooding during the monsoon season, which can impact agriculture and communities in the flood-prone areas.
  • There have been efforts to manage and control floods in the region through the construction of embankments and flood control measures.

Overall, the Barak River is a vital waterway in northeastern India, supporting agriculture, transportation, and biodiversity. It plays a significant role in the lives of the people living in its vicinity and contributes to the socio-economic development of the region.