Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Blood and Iron Policy

Blood and Iron Policy was a political and military strategy that aimed to use force to achieve political goals. The term is associated with Bismarck, the Chancellor of the German Empire in the late 19th century. Similar strategy was adopted by king Balban of Delhi Sultanate in India. Balban was known for his strict and authoritarian rule that resembles with the policies of Bismark in Germany.

Blood and Iron Policy

Strategies of the Blood and Iron Policy

The policies emphasized the importance of a strong central authority and the use of force to achieve their objectives.

Strong Military

It involved the use of military power and force to achieve political and territorial goals. The policy emphasized the importance of a strong army and a robust defense industry to protect the nation from external threats. It was based on the idea that power comes from the barrel of a gun, and that a nation’s strength is measured by its military might. Balban enforced strict discipline within his army and administration to ensure obedience and efficiency.

Question on Blood and Iron Policy

Suppress Internal Threats

Balban used this policy to suppress rebellions within the Sultanate. He targeted groups like Mewatis, Rajput Zamindars, and dacoits who challenged his authority over the territory.

Question on Balban's Rule

Harsh Punishment

The punishments were brutal and included capital punishment, public executions, and even the enslavement of entire villages in some instances. These harsh tactics aimed to instill a sense of fear and discourage further rebellions. The policy emphasized strict adherence to the law and regulations.

Flex Box Example

"Balban maintained a grand court and employed strict court etiquette "

Image of Strength

The Sultanate projected an image of absolute power and authority through this policy.

How effective is this policy?

Short-term Effects Blood and Iron Policy

The Blood and Iron Policy achieved some short-term success in suppressing rebellions and unifying the authority. It instilled a sense of fear and enforced obedience within the Sultanate for a period.

Long-term Effects Blood and Iron Policy

This policy has a lot of negative consequences. It alienated many people and created resentment towards the Sultanate. This resentment laid the foundation for future rebellions and contributed to the decline of the dynasty in the following decades.


The Blood and Iron Policy of Bismark and Balban were implemented in different historical contexts and had different objectives. Both policies emphasized the importance of a strong central authority and the use of force to achieve their objectives.  The legacy of both policies is still debated among historians and political scientists today but many countries still believe in this strategy.

Home Page