A complex number is a number that comprises both a real part and an imaginary part. It is expressed in the form “a + bi,” where “a” represents the real part, “b” represents the imaginary part, and “i” represents the imaginary unit (√-1). Complex number calculator makes it easy.

## Complex Numbers Calculator

In the complex number “a + bi,” the real part (a) is a real number, meaning it can take any value on the real number line. The imaginary part (bi) is a multiple of the imaginary unit (i). Multiplying the imaginary unit by “b” introduces the imaginary component to the number.

The imaginary unit (i) is defined as √-1, where √ denotes the square root. It is important to note that √-1 is not a real number because there is no real number that, when squared, results in a negative value. However, the imaginary unit is introduced as a mathematical concept to extend the number system and allow for the representation of numbers involving the square root of negative numbers.

Complex numbers have many applications in various branches of mathematics, physics, and engineering. They are used to represent quantities with both magnitude and phase, such as in electrical engineering (AC circuits), signal processing, quantum mechanics, and complex analysis. Complex numbers also provide a powerful mathematical tool for solving equations and analyzing systems with both real and imaginary components.

Performing mathematical operations on complex numbers follows certain rules and formulas.

**Addition**: To add two complex numbers (a + bi) and (c + di), simply add the real parts (a + c) and the imaginary parts (b + d) separately: Result: (a + bi) + (c + di) = (a + c) + (b + d)i**Subtraction:**To subtract one complex number from another, subtract the real parts and the imaginary parts separately: Result: (a + bi) – (c + di) = (a – c) + (b – d)i**Multiplication:**To multiply two complex numbers, use the distributive property and simplify: Result: (a + bi) * (c + di) = (ac – bd) + (ad + bc)i**Division:**To divide one complex number by another, use the conjugate of the denominator to eliminate the imaginary part in the denominator: Result: (a + bi) / (c + di) = ((ac + bd) / (c^2 + d^2)) + ((bc – ad) / (c^2 + d^2))i

These rules allow you to perform basic operations on complex numbers. Simply apply the formulas to the real and imaginary parts of the complex numbers involved in the operation.

For more complex operations, such as exponentiation, trigonometric functions, or logarithms of complex numbers, additional formulas and techniques specific to complex analysis are required.

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