Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Describe the regional division of the Himalaya.

The Himalayan mountain range, often referred to simply as the Himalayas, is a vast and geologically complex region spanning several countries in South Asia. It is divided into several distinct regions or divisions based on its geological and geographical characteristics. Here is a description of the regional divisions of the Himalayas:

  1. Punjab Himalayas (Northwestern Himalayas):
    • The Punjab Himalayas are located in the western part of the Himalayan range and extend through the northern Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.
    • This region includes some of the highest peaks in the Himalayas, including the famous Mount Everest and K2.
    • The rivers originating in this region, such as the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, and Ravi, play a vital role in the region’s hydrology and agriculture.
  2. Kumaon and Garhwal Himalayas (Central Himalayas):
    • The Kumaon and Garhwal Himalayas are situated in the central part of the Himalayan range, spanning the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
    • This region is known for its beautiful landscapes, including lush valleys, high-altitude lakes, and dense forests.
    • The Ganges River, one of India’s most sacred rivers, originates from the Gangotri Glacier in this region.
  3. Nepal Himalayas (Central Himalayas):
    • The Nepal Himalayas are located in the central part of the Himalayan range and extend into the northern part of Nepal.
    • This region is home to numerous peaks, including eight of the world’s 14 highest peaks, such as Mount Everest, Makalu, and Annapurna.
    • It is a popular destination for trekking and mountaineering enthusiasts.
  4. Sikkim Himalayas (Eastern Himalayas):
    • The Sikkim Himalayas are situated in the eastern part of the Himalayan range and encompass the Indian state of Sikkim.
    • This region is characterized by rugged terrain, deep valleys, and dense forests.
    • The Teesta River flows through this area and plays a crucial role in the region’s hydrology.
  5. Bhutan Himalayas (Eastern Himalayas):
    • The Bhutan Himalayas are located in the eastern part of the Himalayan range and cover the Kingdom of Bhutan.
    • Bhutan is known for its pristine natural beauty, with high peaks, deep gorges, and dense forests.
    • The region is sparsely populated and has a strong commitment to environmental conservation.
  6. Arunachal Himalayas (Eastern Himalayas):
    • The Arunachal Himalayas are found in the northeastern part of the Himalayan range and extend into the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
    • This region is characterized by rugged mountains, deep valleys, and a high level of biodiversity.
    • Several major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, originate from this area.
  7. Trans-Himalayan Region (North Himalayas):
    • The Trans-Himalayan region is located to the north of the main Himalayan range and includes the Tibetan Plateau.
    • It is characterized by high-altitude deserts, barren landscapes, and vast plateaus.
    • The region is home to several important rivers, including the Indus and the Brahmaputra, which flow into the Indian subcontinent.

These regional divisions of the Himalayas showcase the incredible diversity of landscapes, ecosystems, and cultures within this iconic mountain range. Each division has its unique geological, geographical, and cultural significance.