The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a permanent, treaty-based court located in The Hague, Netherlands. It was established by Rome Statute in 2002. The court has jurisdiction over crimes such as genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.
The ICC is the first international court that has the authority to prosecute individuals for the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole, such as mass killings and other atrocities. The Court operates independently and is separate from the United Nations (UN) system.
Objective of International Criminal Court
One of the main objectives of the ICC is to hold individuals accountable for their actions and to provide justice for victims of these crimes. The ICC also aims to deter future atrocities and strengthen the rule of law globally. The Court has prosecuted cases involving individuals from various countries and regions, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Sudan, and the Central African Republic.
To date, the ICC has issued arrest warrants for over 40 individuals and has secured 9 convictions.
The ICC has faced criticism from some quarters, including from some states that believe the Court has too much power and that its decisions interfere with state sovereignty. It does not have the capacity to arrest suspects and depends on member states for their cooperation.
- It opposed Russia in the annexation of Crimea.
- The Philippines is pulling out its support from the International Criminal Court (ICC) in protest against the “baseless” and “outrageous” attacks against the administration as well as violations of due process.
However, the ICC is widely supported by a large number of states and international organizations, who see it as an important tool for promoting accountability and deterring future atrocities.
In conclusion, the International Criminal Court plays a crucial role in the fight against international crimes and in bringing justice to victims. By holding individuals accountable for their actions, the ICC helps to deter future atrocities and strengthen the rule of law globally.