Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Mathura school

This school flourished on the bank of Yamuna.  The Mathura school produced the sculpture of all the three religions Jain, Buddha, Hindu.  Mathura school is the indigenous art.  Material used was red sandstone.

The sculptural tradition in Gandhara had the confluence of Bactria, Parthia and the local Gandhara tradition. The local sculptural tradition at Mathura became so strong that the tradition spread to other parts of northern India.

The best example in this regard is the stupa sculptures found at Sanghol in the Punjab. The Buddha image at Mathura is modelled on the lines of earlier Yaksha images whereas in Gandhara it has Hellenistic features.

Images of Vaishnava (mainly Vishnu and his various forms) and Shaiva (mainly the lingas and mukhalingas) faiths are also found at Mathura but Buddhist images are found in large numbers. It may be noted that the images of Vishnu and Shiva are represented by their ayudhas (weapons). There is boldness in carving the large images; the volume of the images is projected out of the picture plane.