Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Panna Tiger Reserve: UPSC Note

Located in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Panna Tiger Reserve is one of the most popular national parks in the country. Spread over an area of 542.67 square kilometers, the reserve is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including the majestic Bengal Tiger.

Panna Tiger Reserve

History of Panna Tiger Reserve

The Tiger Reserve was established in 1981 and was declared a Project Tiger reserve in 1994. However, in 2008, the park made headlines when it was discovered that all of its tigers had been poached. A massive conservation effort was undertaken, and tigers were reintroduced to the reserve from other parks. Today, the reserve has a healthy tiger population, and efforts are being made to ensure their safety and conservation.

Geography of Panna Tiger Reserve

Panna Tiger Reserve is located in the Vindhya Range, and the Ken River flows through the park. The topography of the park is a mix of plateaus, hills, and valleys, with the highest point being around 543 meters. The park is mostly covered with tropical dry deciduous forest, but there are also areas of grassland and scrubland.

Wildlife at Panna Tiger Reserve

The Tiger Reserve is home to a wide variety of animals, including tigers, leopards, sloth bears, wild dogs, and more. The park is also a haven for birdwatchers, with over 200 species of birds found here, including the Indian vulture, crested serpent eagle, and the paradise flycatcher.

The reserve is also known for its crocodile population, with both the marsh crocodile and the gharial found in the Ken River.

Conservation Efforts

The Reserve has been at the forefront of conservation efforts in India. In addition to the reintroduction of tigers, the park has undertaken several initiatives, including habitat improvement, anti-poaching measures, and community involvement. The park has also been involved in scientific research and monitoring of the tiger population.

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