Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Planning for backward area in India

Backward areas in India, also known as underdeveloped or deprived regions, are characterized by low levels of economic growth, poor infrastructure, and limited access to basic amenities. These areas require special planning to promote balanced regional development and improve the standard of living of the people. This article provides an overview of planning for backward areas in India, the strategies used, and the challenges faced in its implementation.

What is Planning for Backward Areas?
Planning for backward areas refers to the process of identifying underdeveloped regions and developing policies and strategies to promote their economic and social development. The planning aims to reduce regional imbalances and promote inclusive growth.

Strategies for Planning in Backward Areas:
The strategies used for planning in backward areas in India include:

Special Area Programmes: These programmes are designed to provide additional resources and attention to backward areas for their development. Examples of such programmes include the Backward Region Grant Fund and the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.

Inclusive Growth: Inclusive growth is an approach to development that ensures that the benefits of economic growth are shared by all sections of society. This approach emphasizes the need to promote employment opportunities and skill development in backward areas.

Public-Private Partnerships: Public-private partnerships involve the collaboration of the government and the private sector to develop infrastructure and other facilities in backward areas.

Challenges of Planning in Backward Areas:
The planning for backward areas in India faces several challenges, including:

Lack of resources: Backward areas have limited resources, making it difficult to implement development programmes.

Inadequate infrastructure: Poor infrastructure, including roads, water supply, and electricity, is a significant barrier to development in backward areas.

Inadequate institutional capacity: Backward areas often lack the institutional capacity to plan, implement and monitor development programmes.

Poor participation: Participation of the local community is essential for the success of planning in backward areas. However, inadequate participation can hinder the effective implementation of development programmes.

Planning for backward areas is crucial for promoting inclusive growth and reducing regional disparities in India. The strategies used for planning in backward areas should focus on providing additional resources, promoting inclusive growth, and developing public-private partnerships. However, the success of planning for backward areas in India depends on overcoming the challenges faced, such as the lack of resources, inadequate infrastructure, and poor participation. By addressing these challenges and implementing effective planning strategies, India can promote balanced regional development and improve the standard of living of the people in backward areas.