Bihar is a state located in the eastern part of India. It is blessed with a rich natural heritage, and its landscape is adorned by numerous rivers. These rivers not only contribute to the ecological balance of the region but also hold historical, cultural, and economic significance. In this article, we will discuss important rivers in Bihar.
Ganga is the main river of Bihar and it divides the state in the North Bihar and South Bihar. It is revered as a sacred river by millions. The river plays a vital role in agriculture, providing water for irrigation, and its banks are home to several ancient temples and ghats where religious ceremonies are held. The annual Chhath Puja, dedicated to the Sun God, witnesses thousands of devotees gathering along the Ganges to offer prayers, making it a grand spectacle.
The Koshi River, also known as the “Sorrow of Bihar,” meanders through the eastern part of the state. Despite its tumultuous nature during the monsoon season, when it can cause flooding, the Koshi is a significant source of irrigation for the fertile plains of Bihar. The river also offers a picturesque landscape, attracting nature enthusiasts and photographers. Birdwatchers can spot a variety of avian species, including migratory birds, in the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, located along the river’s course.
The Gandak River holds immense historical and cultural significance. It marks the border between Bihar and Nepal and has been a witness to the rise and fall of several ancient kingdoms. The river’s banks are dotted with numerous archaeological sites, such as Lauriya Nandangarh, where the Ashoka Pillar stands tall, and the ancient city of Vaishali, associated with Lord Buddha. The Gandak also plays a crucial role in sustaining the local agriculture, providing fertile soil for cultivation.
The Sone River, originating in the state of Chhattisgarh, gracefully flows through the southwestern part of Bihar. Its clear waters and surrounding lush greenery make it a scenic delight. The Sone River is famous for its waterfalls, with the Rajrappa Falls being a popular tourist attraction. Adventure seekers can indulge in activities like boating and river rafting in certain stretches of the Sone. The river’s sandy banks also offer a perfect spot for picnics and leisurely walks.
The Falgu River, often associated with ancient legends and mythology, flows near the historical city of Gaya. It is believed that Lord Rama’s brother, Lord Bharata, washed his sandals in the Falgu River, leaving footprints on a rock that can still be seen today. The river is considered sacred by Hindus, and its banks are lined with temples and shrines. The Falgu’s tranquility and spiritual ambiance attract pilgrims and devotees throughout the year.
The rivers of Bihar not only contribute to the state’s ecological balance but also offer a captivating experience for nature lovers, history enthusiasts, and spiritual seekers. From the mighty Ganges to the serene Koshi, the historic Gandak to the enchanting Sone, and the mystical Falgu, each river has its own unique charm and significance. Exploring these rivers provides an opportunity to witness the natural beauty, cultural heritage, and religious fervor that Bihar has to offer. So, plan your visit to Bihar and immerse yourself in the magnificence of its rivers