Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Sher Shah Suri

Sher Shah Suri was an emperor who ruled India from 1540 to 1545. He is renowned for his administrative and military prowess, which helped establish the foundations of modern India. Sher Shah Suri was a visionary ruler who implemented many reforms during his reign that significantly impacted India’s social, economic, and political landscape.

Sher Shah Suri
Sher Shah Suri

Early Life and Rise to Power

Sher Shah Suri, born Farid Khan, was born in a small town in Bihar, India, in 1486. He was the son of a minor Afghan chieftain and grew up in relative poverty. After his father’s death, Sher Shah Suri went on to serve under the ruling Afghan dynasty in India. He soon made a name for himself for his military tactics and leadership skills.

After the death of his father, Sher Shah Suri became the governor of Bihar. In 1539, he defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun and established his rule over India. He is known for his military genius and his use of guerrilla tactics to defeat much larger armies.

Administrative and Economic Reforms

He is known for his significant contributions to India’s administrative and economic systems. During his reign, he introduced several reforms that helped streamline the country’s governance and improve its economy. Here are some of his notable contributions:

  1. Reorganizing the Empire: He divided the empire into provinces, each ruled by a governor. He also introduced an efficient system of revenue collection.
  2. Reorganizing the Army: He reorganized the army by introducing new weapons, retraining soldiers, and introducing a new pay scale for soldiers.
  3. Reforms in Agriculture: He introduced several measures to improve agricultural productivity, including the construction of new canals and the introduction of new crops. He started the system of land measurement in India. 
  4. Reforms in Trade: He introduced a new system of taxation that encouraged trade and commerce, and he also standardized weights and measures.
  5. Construction of Roads and Buildings: Sher Shah Suri is credited with building many new roads and buildings, including the Grand Trunk Road, which runs from Kolkata to Peshawar.


Sher Shah Suri’s reign was short, but his impact on India was significant. His reforms in administration, economy, and infrastructure laid the foundation for modern India. His reign is considered to be the beginning of India’s golden age. Sher Shah Suri’s legacy continues to inspire people in India today, and he is remembered as one of India’s greatest rulers.


Sher Shah Suri was a visionary leader who made significant contributions to India’s history. His administrative and economic reforms, as well as his military prowess, helped establish the foundations of modern India. Today, he is remembered as one of India’s greatest rulers, and his legacy continues to inspire people in India and around the world.

Important Links