Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

State Animal of Kerala

The State animal of Kerala is the Indian Elephant. The Indian Elephant is one of the three recognized subspecies of the Asian Elephant and is native to the Indian subcontinent. They are also found in the forests, grasslands, and wetlands of Kerala.

State Animal of Chhatisgarh

State Animal of Kerala

Name Habitat Status
Indian Elephant Grassland Endangered
State Animal of Kerala
Indian Elephant


Appearance: The Indian Elephant is the largest land animal in Asia and is characterized by its large, sturdy body, long trunk, and two long, curved tusks in males. Adult males, known as bulls, are generally larger than females, known as cows. The Indian Elephant has gray to brownish-gray skin and large, fan-like ears that help dissipate heat.

Habitat: Indian Elephants are adaptable to various habitats, but they are predominantly found in forests, grasslands, and wetlands. In Kerala, they are commonly found in wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and protected reserves, such as Periyar Tiger Reserve, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, and Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary.

Conservation Status: The Indian Elephant, State Animal of Kerala, is listed as an endangered species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List due to habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, and poaching for ivory. In Kerala, as in other parts of India, conservation efforts are underway to protect and preserve the remaining population of Indian Elephants and their habitats.

Flex Box Example

"Elephants are often part of religious processions and festivals, and some temples in Kerala keep elephants as temple elephants."

Importance: The Indian Elephant holds immense ecological significance in Kerala’s ecosystems. As a keystone species, they play a crucial role in shaping the vegetation, dispersing seeds, and creating water holes that benefit other wildlife. The elephants’ movement through forests also helps maintain natural pathways, contributing to the overall biodiversity of the region.

Question on Indian Elephant

Culturally, Indian Elephants have a deep-rooted connection with the people of Kerala and India. They are revered in Hindu traditions and festivals, symbolizing strength, wisdom, and prosperity.

The preservation of the Indian Elephant is crucial to maintaining the ecological balance and preserving Kerala’s natural heritage. Conservation efforts, including habitat protection, anti-poaching measures, and promoting coexistence with human communities, are vital to ensuring the survival of this majestic species for future generations.