Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

State Animal of Tamil Nadu

Nilgiri Tahr is the state animal of Tamil Nadu. The animal is herbivorous and lives in the western Ghat. The Nilgiri Tahr is a rare and endangered species of mountain goat. They have curved horns that can grow up to 40 cm in length.

Raghavan Committee

State Animal of Tamil Nadu

Name Habitat IUCN Status
Nilgiri Tahr Western Ghat Endangered
State Animal of Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri Tahr

They are found in the high-altitude grasslands and forests of the Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. The Nilgiri Tahr is a herbivorous animal and feeds on grasses, shrubs, and trees. They are social animals and live in herds of 20 to 40 individuals.

The Nilgiri Tahr is a magnificent animal with a thick, grey-brown coat and a bristly mane. They have curved horns that can grow up to 40 cm in length. The male Nilgiri Tahr is larger and has a darker coat than the female. They are well adapted to living in high-altitude regions, where the temperature can drop to freezing levels. Their coat provides insulation, and their hooves are specially designed to provide traction on rocky terrain.

The Nilgiri Tahr has a significant cultural and ecological value in Tamil Nadu. It is considered a symbol of the Western Ghats and is an important part of the local ecosystem. The animal has been declared the state animal of Tamil Nadu to raise awareness about its conservation.

The Nilgiri Tahr is facing various threats due to habitat loss, poaching, and climate change. The animal’s habitat is under threat due to deforestation and encroachment by human settlements. Poaching for their meat and horns is also a significant threat to the animal’s survival. The changing climate is also affecting the animal’s habitat and food sources, leading to a decline in their population.

The government of Tamil Nadu has taken several measures to protect the Nilgiri Tahr. The animal is protected under the Wildlife Protection Act of India, and hunting or poaching is strictly prohibited. The government has also established several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, such as the Mukurthi National Park, to protect the animal’s habitat. The Forest Department of Tamil Nadu conducts regular surveys to monitor the population of the Nilgiri Tahr and take necessary actions for their conservation.

In conclusion, the Nilgiri Tahr is an important part of Tamil Nadu’s wildlife and culture. The animal’s beauty and ecological value make it a symbol of pride for the people of Tamil Nadu. It is essential to raise awareness about the animal’s conservation and take necessary actions to protect their habitat and population.