The Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India, has implemented various schemes and programs to benefit particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) in different states, including Madhya Pradesh. One of the schemes designed for the welfare of PVTGs is the “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)” or sometimes referred to as “PVTG Grants-in-Aid.”
The criteria for identifying particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) include the following:
- Pre-agricultural Level of Technology: PVTGs typically have a low level of technology and are dependent on hunting and gathering for their subsistence. They often lack the knowledge and tools for agriculture.
- Stagnant or Declining Population: PVTGs often have a small and stagnant or declining population due to various factors such as isolation, low birth rates, and high mortality rates.
- Economically Weaker Sections: PVTGs are usually among the economically weakest sections of society, with limited access to basic amenities like healthcare, education, and sanitation.
- Geographical Isolation: Many PVTGs inhabit remote and inaccessible areas, which makes it challenging for them to access mainstream development programs and services.
- Distinctive Culture and Language: PVTGs often have a distinct culture, language, and way of life, which sets them apart from the mainstream population.
In the case of Madhya Pradesh, there are several PVTGs identified and provided with special attention and development programs. Some of the PVTGs in Madhya Pradesh include the Bhil Bhilala, Bhadia, Katkari, and Sahariya tribes, among others.
Under the “Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)” scheme, various initiatives are undertaken to improve the socio-economic conditions of these vulnerable tribal groups. These initiatives may include providing better healthcare facilities, education, livelihood support, and infrastructure development tailored to the specific needs and culture of each PVTG.
It’s important to note that the criteria and implementation details of such schemes may evolve over time, so it is advisable to refer to the official website of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs or contact the relevant government authorities for the most up-to-date and specific information regarding PVTGs in Madhya Pradesh and the schemes aimed at their welfare.