Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

What is Migration?

In this article, we will understand  What is Migration? We will also discuss the various dimensions of migration like interregional, intraregional, and international, along with the associated problems.

What is Migration

What is Migration?

Migration is the movement of people from one place to another, either within a country or across international borders. This movement can occur for a variety of reasons, like economic opportunities, social factors, political instability, environmental changes, or personal aspirations.

Flex Box Example

"Migration is the movement of people from one place to another, often driven by economic, social, political, or environmental factors."

What is Interregional Migration?

Interregional migration is movement of people from one region to another within the same country. This type of migration often occurs due to differences in economic development, job opportunities, or quality of life between regions. For example, individuals may migrate from rural areas to urban centers in search of better employment prospects or access to services and amenities.

Case Study

Consider the case of Ramesh, a 28-year-old farmer living in a rural village in Bihar. Ramesh inherited a small plot of agricultural land from his ancestors but struggles to make ends meet due to limited irrigation facilities, unpredictable weather patterns, and low agricultural productivity. Despite his efforts, Ramesh finds it increasingly challenging to support his family financially.

Therefore, Ramesh decides to explore opportunities in urban areas. He went to Bengaluru for higher wages and better living standards, Ramesh decides to migrate to Bengaluru in search of employment. In other words, Ramesh migrated from Bihar to Bangalore and it is an example of the interregional migration.

Question on Causes of Migration

What is Intraregional Migration?

Intraregional migration is the movement within a specific region. This could involve relocation within a city, a metropolitan area, or a smaller geographical unit. Intraregional migration is usually driven by factors such as housing affordability, neighborhood characteristics, or changes in family circumstances.

Flex Box Example

"Migration has shaped human history, contributing to cultural exchange, demographic shifts, and economic development."

Case Study

Consider the case of Priya and her family, who reside in a crowded neighborhood in the central suburbs of Mumbai. Priya, a 35-year-old working professional, lives with her husband and two children in a small rented apartment. Over the years, the family has faced challenges related to housing affordability, limited space, and inadequate infrastructure in their neighborhood.

Faced with the constraints of their current living situation, Priya and her family decide to explore options for intraregional migration within Mumbai. They prioritize factors such as proximity to their workplaces, access to better schools for their children, and improved housing amenities.

After conducting extensive research and visiting various neighborhoods in Mumbai, Priya and her family decide to relocate to a newly developed residential complex in the western suburbs of Mumbai. The new neighborhood offers modern amenities, spacious apartments, and better infrastructure compared to their previous locality. This is a case of intraregional migration.

What is International Migration?

International migration is the movement of people across international borders, typically from one country to another. This type of migration can be motivated by a wide range of factors, including economic opportunities, political asylum, family reunification, or educational pursuits. International migration has significant implications for both the origin and destination countries, influencing population demographics, cultural diversity, labor markets, and social dynamics.

Question on Effects of Migration

Case Study

Consider the case of the Al-Hassan family, consisting of Ahmad, Fatima, and their three children, who lived in Aleppo, Syria. Amidst the escalating violence and deteriorating living conditions in their hometown, the Al-Hassan family made the difficult decision to flee Syria in search of safety and a better future for their children.

The Al-Hassan family embarked on a perilous journey, crossing several borders and traversing through multiple countries before reaching Germany. They traveled by foot, bus, and makeshift boats, facing numerous challenges and risks along the way, like exploitation, violence, and separation from loved ones.

The Al-Hassan family’s decision to migrate to Germany was driven by a combination of factors, like the desire to escape conflict and violence in Syria, seek political asylum and protection, access better healthcare and educational opportunities for their children, and rebuild their lives in a stable and welcoming environment. This is an example of international migration.

Read: Geography