Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Civil Disobedience Movement

The Civil Disobedience Movement, also known as the Salt Satyagraha, was a political protest campaign launched in India in 1930 against the British rule. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi and aimed at violating the salt laws imposed by the British, which prohibited the Indian citizens from producing or selling salt, and forced them to buy it from the British at a high price. The movement was a response to the growing discontent among the Indian masses against the oppressive policies of the British government.

The key causes of the Civil Disobedience Movement were:

  1. Economic exploitation: The British policies were causing severe economic hardship to the Indian people, leading to widespread poverty and unemployment.
  2. Political oppression: The Indian freedom fighters were being arrested and imprisoned without trial, and the British government was using censorship and other restrictions to suppress the voices of dissent.
  3. Cultural degradation: The British policies were aimed at undermining Indian culture and values, and promoting British cultural domination.

The Civil Disobedience Movement was marked by several key events, including:

  1. Dandi March: On March 12, 1930, Gandhi led a 24-day march from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, a coastal village in Gujarat, to produce salt in defiance of the salt laws.
  2. Salt Satyagraha: The production and sale of salt by Indian citizens was an act of civil disobedience, which challenged the authority of the British government.
  3. Mass arrests: The British government arrested thousands of Indian activists and freedom fighters, including Gandhi, for participating in the salt satyagraha.

The key leaders of the Civil Disobedience Movement were:

  1. Mahatma Gandhi: He was the principal leader of the movement and his leadership inspired millions of Indians to join the struggle for freedom.
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru: He was a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress and played a crucial role in organizing the movement.
  3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: He was one of the leaders of the Salt Satyagraha and played a key role in the success of the movement.

The Civil Disobedience Movement had a profound impact on the Indian freedom struggle. It brought the issue of Indian independence to the forefront of international attention, and inspired millions of Indians to join the struggle for freedom. The movement also demonstrated the power of nonviolent resistance and the role of civil disobedience in the fight against oppression. The British government was forced to make concessions, and the Indian independence movement gained momentum, paving the way for India’s eventual independence in 1947.