Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Elucidate the relationship between globalization and new technology in a world of scarce resources, with special reference to India.

Q. Elucidate the relationship between globalization and new technology in a world of scarce resources, with special reference to India.

Ans: The relationship between globalization, new technology, and the management of scarce resources is complex and multifaceted. Globalization refers to the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of countries and economies through trade, communication, and cultural exchange. New technologies, on the other hand, encompass innovations that enhance productivity, efficiency, and communication. When considering these factors in the context of a world with limited resources, such as in India, several dynamics come into play:

1. Resource Efficiency and Technological Innovation:

  • New technologies can drive resource efficiency by optimizing the use of scarce resources. Innovations in energy, water management, agriculture, and manufacturing can help stretch available resources further.
  • For instance, in India, advancements in drip irrigation, precision farming, and renewable energy technologies can help optimize water and energy use in agriculture, a sector that heavily relies on scarce resources.

2. Global Trade and Resource Allocation:

  • Globalization enables countries to access resources that may be scarce domestically through international trade. This can lead to more efficient allocation of resources on a global scale.
  • In India, trade can help bridge resource gaps by allowing the country to import essential commodities that are not abundantly available domestically, ensuring a stable supply for its population.

3. Sustainable Development and Knowledge Sharing:

  • Globalization facilitates the sharing of knowledge, best practices, and technological advancements for sustainable resource management.
  • India can leverage global networks and partnerships to access expertise and technologies that promote sustainable resource use, such as renewable energy solutions and waste management practices.

4. Environmental Concerns and Technological Solutions:

  • New technologies can address environmental challenges associated with resource scarcity. Renewable energy sources, waste recycling technologies, and efficient transportation systems contribute to reducing the strain on scarce resources while minimizing environmental impact.
  • As India grapples with air and water pollution, advancements in clean technologies can help mitigate the negative effects of resource-intensive activities.

5. Inequality and Access to Technology:

  • Globalization and technological advancements can exacerbate inequality if access to these innovations is not equitable. This can further strain already scarce resources in marginalized communities.
  • India’s challenge lies in ensuring that technological benefits reach all segments of society, enhancing resource efficiency and overall well-being.

6. Cultural and Social Impacts:

  • Globalization and technological changes can influence cultural attitudes toward resource consumption. Increased exposure to global consumerism can impact local consumption patterns and resource demands.
  • India needs to strike a balance between embracing technological progress while preserving its cultural values of sustainability and resource frugality.

In summary, the relationship between globalization, new technology, and scarce resources in India involves a delicate interplay of opportunities and challenges. Leveraging technological innovations within a globalized context can enhance resource efficiency, promote sustainable development, and address pressing environmental concerns. However, careful consideration must be given to ensure that these advancements are accessible, equitable, and aligned with India’s socio-cultural and environmental priorities.

UPSC CSE 2022 Mains GS 1 Paper Model Answer