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National Parks in Bihar

Bihar is home to several national parks. In this article, we will discuss about the National Parks in Bihar including the significance of these protected areas, highlighting their vital role in conserving Bihar’s natural heritage.

Valmiki National Park

Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas in the West Champaran district, Valmiki National Park stands as Bihar’s oldest and most prominent national park. Spanning over 880 square kilometers, this sanctuary is a pristine wilderness known for its dense forests, grasslands, and riverine landscapes. The region’s biodiversity includes diverse species of plants and animals, such as the Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, wild elephants, deer, and a wide array of avian species.

National Parks in Bihar
Valmiki National Park

Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in the Munger district, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is another jewel in Bihar’s ecological crown. Spread across 681 square kilometers, the sanctuary is a crucial habitat for the endangered Indian sloth bear, making it a prime location for bear conservation in the country. Besides the sloth bear, the sanctuary shelters leopards, hyenas, wild boars, and several species of reptiles and birds.

Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary

Kanwar Lake is situated in Begusarai district, is a vital wetland and an essential habitat for migratory birds. Designated as a bird sanctuary, it covers an area of 67 square kilometers and becomes a bustling sanctuary during the migratory season. Thousands of birds, including Siberian cranes, various species of ducks, geese, and herons, flock to this sanctuary, making it a paradise for birdwatchers and ornithologists.

Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary

Encompassing parts of the Kaimur Hills, this sanctuary sprawls over an area of approximately 1,340 square kilometers. The sanctuary’s diverse topography, comprising forests, hills, and valleys, provides shelter to wildlife such as Indian leopards, sloth bears, sambar deer, and many more. It is an excellent place for those interested in exploring the lesser-known gems of Bihar’s natural heritage.

Conservation Efforts and Challenges

The national parks in Bihar play a crucial role in conserving the state’s unique biodiversity and natural ecosystems. The Government, along with various NGOs and wildlife conservation organizations, strives to protect these areas from human encroachment, poaching, and other environmental threats. However, several challenges remain, including habitat destruction, human-wildlife conflicts, and climate change, which demand continuous efforts in safeguarding these pristine environments.


Bihar’s national parks are not only crucial for preserving its ecological heritage but also offer valuable opportunities for eco-tourism, education, and research. As these protected areas continue to captivate and inspire visitors, it is imperative to recognize their significance and actively participate in their conservation. By promoting sustainable tourism and fostering a sense of responsibility towards the environment, we can ensure that Bihar’s national parks remain a sanctuary for wildlife and a source of natural wonder for generations to come.

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