Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary

Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Vedaranyam Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area located in the Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu, India. Established in 1967, the sanctuary covers an area of 38.81 square kilometers and is home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna, including mangroves, wetlands, and a variety of bird species.

One of the key features of Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary is its mangrove forests, which serve as vital habitats for numerous species of birds, including the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper. The sanctuary is also an important stopover site for migratory birds, with over 200 species of birds being recorded here.

In addition to its importance for birds, Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to a variety of other wildlife species, including saltwater crocodiles, spotted deer, and several species of reptiles and mammals. The sanctuary also supports a rich diversity of plant life, with over 60 species of mangroves and wetlands plants being recorded.

One of the major challenges facing Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary is the threat of habitat loss and degradation, particularly due to commercial shrimp farming and the construction of new infrastructure in the area. To address this, conservation efforts are being undertaken by the government and local organizations, including the creation of new protected areas, the enforcement of fishing restrictions, and the implementation of sustainable development practices.

In conclusion, Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary is a vital area for biodiversity conservation in India, serving as a critical habitat for a wide range of wildlife species and supporting a rich diversity of plant life. Its conservation is essential for the survival of many species and for the health of the ecosystem as a whole.