Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

State Animal of Assam

Assam is a northeastern state of India, known for its rich biodiversity and cultural heritage. The state animal of Assam is the one-horned rhinoceros, also known as the Indian rhinoceros. In this article, we will explore the significance of this animal and its importance in the ecosystem of Assam.

State Animal of Assam
State Animal of Assam

Appearance and Distribution

The one-horned rhinoceros is a large, grey-brown colored animal with a distinctive single horn on its snout. They can weigh up to 2,500 kg and stand over 6 feet tall. They are primarily found in the grasslands and forests of Assam, as well as in parts of Nepal and Bhutan.

Importance in the Ecosystem

The one-horned rhinoceros is an important keystone species in the ecosystem of Assam. They are herbivores and graze on grasses, leaves, and fruits, helping to control the growth of vegetation and maintain the balance of the ecosystem. Their droppings also act as a natural fertilizer, promoting the growth of plants in the area.

In addition to their ecological importance, the one-horned rhinoceros has cultural significance in Assam. It is an important symbol of strength and resilience, and features prominently in Assamese art and literature.

Conservation Efforts

The one-horned rhinoceros is classified as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The population of rhinoceros in Assam was once in danger due to poaching and habitat destruction, but conservation efforts have helped to stabilize their numbers. The Kaziranga National Park in Assam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to over two-thirds of the world’s one-horned rhinoceros population. The park has implemented measures to protect the rhinoceros from poaching and habitat destruction, including increasing patrols and using drones to monitor the area.


The one-horned rhinoceros is an important species in the ecosystem of Assam and a symbol of the state’s cultural heritage. Conservation efforts have helped to protect the rhinoceros population from poaching and habitat destruction, but more needs to be done to ensure the long-term survival of this magnificent animal. As visitors to Assam, it is our responsibility to support these conservation efforts and help preserve the rich biodiversity of this unique region.

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