Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

State Animal of Meghalaya

Meghalaya is a beautiful state in northeastern India, known for its scenic hills, waterfalls, and unique culture. The state animal of Meghalaya is the clouded leopard, a rare and elusive big cat that is native to the forests of the state. In this article, we will explore the significance of the clouded leopard and its importance in the ecosystem of Meghalaya.

State Animal of Meghalaya
State Animal of Meghalaya

Appearance and Distribution

The clouded leopard is a medium-sized big cat, with a distinctive coat pattern of cloud-like spots on its fur. They are found in the tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia, including in the forests of Meghalaya. Clouded leopards have a powerful build and are excellent climbers, with long, sharp claws that allow them to scale trees and hunt in the canopy.

Importance in the Ecosystem

The clouded leopard is an important predator in the ecosystem of Meghalaya. They play a key role in controlling the population of prey species, such as deer, wild boar, and monkeys, which helps to maintain the balance of the ecosystem. In addition, the clouded leopard is a top predator in the food chain, which means that their presence is an indicator of a healthy and diverse ecosystem.

Conservation Efforts

The clouded leopard is classified as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), with a population decline of over 30% in the last three decades. The biggest threats to the clouded leopard include habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. To address these threats, the Meghalaya government has implemented various conservation measures, including the creation of protected areas, such as the Nokrek National Park, which is home to the clouded leopard.

In addition to conservation efforts, the Meghalaya government is also working to raise awareness about the importance of the clouded leopard and its role in the ecosystem. This includes educational programs for local communities and initiatives to promote sustainable tourism, which can provide economic benefits while also protecting the environment and wildlife.


The clouded leopard is an important and iconic species in the ecosystem of Meghalaya. As visitors to this beautiful state, it is our responsibility to support conservation efforts and promote sustainable tourism practices. By working together, we can help to ensure the long-term survival of this magnificent animal and preserve the unique biodiversity of Meghalaya for generations to come.

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