Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

BPSC Test 08

Table of Contents


#1. Acid rain is caused by increase in the atmospheric concentration of :

Ans: (B)

Solution: Increased concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NO2) are the primary causes of acid rain. These gases are emitted from industries, thermal power plants, and automobiles.

SO2 and NO2 are changed into acids (H2SO4 and HNO3) when they combine with oxygen and water.


#2. The United Nations World Youth Skills Day is observed on :

In 2014, the United Nations General Assembly declared 15 July as World Youth Skills Day, to celebrate the strategic importance of equipping young people with skills for employment, decent work and entrepreneurship.

#3. Which of the following states in India has maximum number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites?

As of July 2021, 19 of the 36 States and union territories of India are home to the World Heritage Sites, with Maharashtra having highest number of sites (5).

#4. The Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary is located in :

Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary falling under Kokrajhar district and some adjacent areas of Dhubri district of Assam. It is famous for the golden langur and is the second protected habitat for golden langur in India.

#5. Which one below is not a Statutory Body?

It can only recommend long-term, policy changes but cannot influence or see their progress on the ground.

#6. The World Milk Day is observed on :

World Milk day was established by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations in 2001.

Every year November 26 is celebrated as National Milk Day in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Father of India’s White Revolution, Dr Verghese Kurien also nicknamed as “Milkman of India”.

#7. Where is the Headquarters of United Nations Economic and Social Council?

One of the six principal organs of the United Nations is responsible for coordinating the economic and social fields of the organization, specifically in regards to the fifteen specialized agencies, the eight functional commissions, and the five regional commissions under its jurisdiction.

#8. Which venue is selected for 2024 Olympic Games?

Paris and Los Angeles will host the Olympic Games 2024 and 2028 respectively,

#9. Which Commission under the British rule prepared 'Famine Code" ?

It recommended that state should interference in food trade in the event of famine.

#10. The Session of All Parties Muslim Conference held at Delhi on 31st December, 1928 was presided over by :

The conference was held under the Presidentship of Sir Sultan Mohamed Shah (Aga Khan III) with Fazal Rahimtoola being its Secretary.

#11. During the Rajput period , the expression "vinay-stithi-sthapak" was used in administration for :

#12. Who started the newspaper "Indian Sociologist" abroad?

Shyamji Krishnavarma (1857–1930) was the founder of the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.

#13. In which of its Sessions, the Congress declared its policy towards Indian States for the first time?

#14. Who was the author of the book "The Problems of the East"?

The book ‘The Problems of the East’ was written by Lord Curzon which was published in 1894.

#15. Who amongst the following continuously emphasised on giving self-rule to India in 1904, 1905 and 1906?

Bal Gangadhar Tilak emphasized self-rule for India and spearheaded the Swadeshi Movement during 1904-1908 and act as the leader of the extremist faction and also called the ‘Father of Indian Unrest.

#16. The editor of the paper "Hindu Patriot" Sri Harishchandra Mukherjee was known to have helped the

Harishchandra Mukherjee helped in the movement nil darpan ,the revolt of Indigo cultivators.

#17. Which name amongst the following was dropped by Abul Fazl while listining musicians of Akbar's Court?

#18. Which European nation was first in bringing printing press to India?

The first book published in India was by the Jesuit of Goa in 1557 AD.

#19. Who amongst the following established "Diwan-e-amirkothi" during Delhi Sultanate?

Diwan-e-Amirkohi” was the Department of agriculture.

#20. In Mughal period , who translated Atharvaveda in Persian Language?

#21. Tebhaga Revolt of 1946 took place in :

Tebhaga movement (1946–1947) was significant peasant agitation, initiated in Bengal by the All India Kisan Sabha of peasant front of the Communist Party of India.

#22. Who was elected to the House of Commons to speak for Indian interests in 1890s?

Dadabhai Naoroji was elected for the Liberal Party in Finsbury Central at the 1892 general election, was the first British Indian MP.

#23. Least cost approach in Industrial location is associated with :

The theory states that an industry will be located where the transportation costs of raw materials and the final product is at the least.

#24. Which one is a primary activity?

Some important examples of primary activities are Gathering, hunting, fishing, lumbering, animal rearing, farming, mining and dairy. 

#25. Horticulture is widely farmed in :

Horticulture refers to the cultivation or processing of fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants, and flowers and mostly occur in Temperate regions of the world.

#26. The line joining points with equal cloud cover is called :

A line representing points of equal amounts of cloud cover is called Isoneph.

#27. Location of sugar industry in India is moving from North India to South India because of:

#28. One belt one road policy relates to :

The ‘One Belt, One Road’ (OBOR) initiative is a foreign policy and economic strategy of China. On the seas, the initiative will focus on jointly building smooth, secure and efficient transport routes connecting major sea ports along with road.

#29. Mist formed as a result of:

#30. Which river is not a peninsular river?

#31. Which of the following is not the recommendation of Dinesh Goswami Committee on electoral reforms?

#32. Which one of the following subjects is not included in Concurrent List?

#33. Which is not the discretionary power of the President of India?

#34. Which Article of Indian Constitution speaks about official languages Indian Union?

#35. Which among the following States does not come under Second Schedule of Indian Constitution?

#36. Article 21 of Indian Constitution secures:

Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.”

#37. Which one of the following is not the feature of the National Capital Goods Policy, 2016?

The National Capital Goods Policy is a manufacturing sector policy devised by the Government of India aimed at increasing the production of capital goods from the 2014-15 value of approximately Rs. 230, 000 Cr to Rs. 750, 000 Cr by 2025.

#38. The number of States covered under the provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 are:

The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 or PESA is a law enacted by the Government of India for ensuring self governance through traditional Gram Sabhas for people living in the Scheduled Areas of India.

#39. "World Economic Outlook" report is published by:

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a report by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

#40. Which of the following sectors now contributes the largest percentage towards GNP?

It accounts for 53.66 % of the total India’s GNP.

#41. National Income in India is estimated by:

The formula of National Income is: NI = C (household consumption) G (government expenditure) I (investment expense) NX (net exports).

#42. To lower interest rates, the RBI should:

When RBI purchases government securities in the open market, it increases the reserves or money of commercial banks and allows them to provide loan and investments. This tends to lower interest rate by RBI.

#43. Mixed economy means an economy where:

Mixed economy is one in which both public and private enterprises exist together.

#44. Absolute Poverty means:

Absolute poverty is defined as a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services.

#45. Who wrote the book 'Planned Economy for India'?

Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya (15 September 1860 – 14 April 1962) was an Indian civil engineer, statesman and the 19th Diwan of Mysore, serving from 1912 to 1919.

#46. Nationalism of banks was done with the purpose of:

Indira Gandhi government nationalized the 14 biggest commercial lenders on 20 July 1969.

#47. The Head quarters of World Trade Organisation is in:

#48. Which of the following is true about the 'Hindu Growth Rate' in India?

It Exposes low growth occurrence of the Indian economy during 1950-80. It was coined by Professor Rajkrishna, an Indian economist, in 1978.

#49. What are gilt-edged securities?

Gilt-edged securities refer to high-grade bonds that some national governments and private organizations issue in an effort to generate revenue.

#50. Which of the following in India enlisted in the 'Montreaux Record'

Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan and Loktak Lake, Manipur are enlisted in the Montreux record from India.

Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites.

Chilka lake has been removed from the list.

#51. Which among the following is the most abundant Green-House-Gas(GHG) in the earth's atmosphere?

Water vapor is the most abundant greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.

#52. Which one of the following is a useful biological indicator of sulphur dioxide pollution?

Lichens are well known as sensitive indicators of air pollution, particularly for sulfur dioxide.

#53. The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as:

Bioremediation relies on stimulating the growth of certain microbes that utilize contaminants like oil, solvents, and pesticides for sources of food and energy. These microbes convert contaminants into small amounts of water, as well as harmless gases like carbon dioxide.

#54. Which among the following is one of the largest wintering ground for the migratory waterfowl in India?

It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds in Indian sub-continent.

#55. Which among the following is the unit of measurement of the "Ecological Footprint"?

Ecological Footprint accounting measures the demand on and supply of nature.The Ecological Footprint tracks the use of productive surface areas i.e. cropland, grazing land, fishing grounds, built-up land, forest area, and carbon demand on land.

#56. Respiratory Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM) are the particles having diameter:

RSPM refers to particulate matter with diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometres.

#57. Food rich in roughage may NOT help:

Roughage, or fiber, has long been recommended to help with digestive issues like constipation, but it also plays many other important roles in your body. For example, the roughage in plant foods can promote optimal gut health, help to manage weight, and even reduce your risk of heart disease.

#58. The human skeleton consists of:

It is composed of around 270 bones at birth – this total decreases to around 206 bones by adulthood after some bones get fused together.

#59. Angiography is used to visualize lurmen of:

Angiography or arteriography is a medical imaging technique used to visualize the inside, or lumen, of blood vessels and organs of the body, with particular interest in the arteries, veins, and the heart chambers.

#60. Daily consumption of aragon oil helps to prevent:

All options are correct.

#61. Sericulutre is a rearing practice of:

Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk.

#62. Biomagnificaiton refers to an increase in the number/content/quantity of:

Biomagnification refers to the condition where the chemical concentration in an organism exceeds the concentration of its food when the major exposure route occurs from the organism’s diet.

#63. Blue-baby syndrome is caused due to the excess of:

The most common cause of blue baby syndrome is water contaminated with nitrates. After a baby drinks formula made with nitrate-rich water, the body converts the nitrates into nitrites. These nitrites bind to the hemoglobin in the body, forming methemoglobin, which is unable to carry oxygen.

#64. Rocket works on the principle of:

Newton’s third law is based on action and reaction on different objects.

#65. Brightness of the bulb decreases gradually with its period of use because of:

Reduction in area increases the resistance of the.(R1/A). As P=V2/R, so brightness of bulb decreases gradually with its period of use.

#66. Full form of ICMR is:

The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.

IRFA (Indian Research Fund Association) was redesignated as the Indian Council of Medical Research (with Dr. C.G. Pandit as its first Director) in 1949.

#67. Antioxidants present in food stuffs:


It play a major part in ensuring that our foodstuffs keep their taste and colour and remain edible over a longer period.

It is important for avoiding oxidation of fats and fat-containing products i.e development of unpleasant off-flavours and odours- becomes evident, is delayed.

Vitamins and various amino acids can easily be destroyed by exposure to air, and antioxidants serve to protect them.

It also help to slow down the discoloration of fruit and vegetables.


stopping apples going brown is to add a small amount of lemon juice.

The ascorbic acid (vitamin C) contained in many citrus fruits is a natural antioxidant and for this reason finds frequent use in food production (E 300-E 304) and are added to protect soft drinks, jams, condensed milk and sausage.

Other natural antioxidants are the tocopherols (E 306-E309), which are members of the vitamin E family. Tocopherols are found mainly in nuts, sunflower seeds and soya and maize shoots, and they are mostly used for preserving vegetable oils, margarine and cocoa products.

#68. Which of the following is NOT a biodegradable pollutant?

Non-biodegradable pollutants:

DDT, plastics, polythene, bags, insecticides, pesticides, mercury, lead, arsenic, metal articles like aluminum cans, synthetic fibers, glass objects, iron products, and silver foils etc.

#69. Chlorofluorocarbons are widely used in

All options are correct.

#70. Cement is widely used in the construction of buildings. It contains

All options are correct.

#71. Which is not the characteristic of an enzyme?

Enzymes are made up of amino acids which are linked together via amide (peptide) bonds in a linear chain. This is the primary structure. The resulting amino acid chain is called a polypeptide or protein.
Some of the Characteristics of an Enzyme are:
  • Speed up chemical reactions.
  • They are required in minute amounts.
  • They are affected by temperature and pH.

#72. A fuse is a:

fuse is an electrical safety device that protects an electric circuit from excessive electric current. Fuses are destroyed during overload conditions. When reasonable to do so (and economically sensible), circuit breakers are used instead because they are not destroyed during overload conditions.

#73. Which of the following ports are used by China for its string of pearls policy?

A string of Pearls includes container facility in Chittagong (Bangladesh), facility at Karachi and Gwadar port in Pakistan and at Colombo, Hambantota (both in Sri Lanka) and other facilities.

#74. Indica was written by:

Megasthenes was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer.

#75. The Rajtarangini composed by Kalhana in the twelfth century is the main source of:

Rajatarangini (“The River of Kings”) was written in Sanskrit by Kashmiri historian Kalhana in the 12th century CE which consists of 7826 verses and are divided into eight books called Tarangas (“waves”).

#76. King Ashoka became Buddhist after he was horrified with the tyranny of Kalinga War. It was in:


#77. Which of the following Odisha type Nagara style temples are found at Bhubaneswar ? 1. Jagannath temple 2. Lingaraja temple 3. Sun temple 4. Mukteswar temple 5. Parasurameswara temple Choose the answers from the codes below:

Nagara style is one of the styles of temple architecture. It is the temple construction style of North India. In this style of the temple, there is only one peak or Shikhara. The major example of the temple of Nagara Style is Sun Temple at Modhera, Sun Temple at Khajuraho, Jagannath Temple at Puri, etc.

#78. The story that Alauddin Khilji invaded to secure Padmini, the queen of Rana Ratna Singh of Mewar, was vividly described by:


#79. Who among these was never elected to the Presidentship of INC ?

#80. Which among the following places were set up as Vedanta Centres when Swami Vivekananda visited U.S.A. in 1899 ? 1. Chicago 2. New York 3. San Francisco 4. Los Angeles Codes :

#81. Who moved (and withdrew) a resolution for the enfranchisement of women in the 1917 Session of Indian National Congress?

#82. V.D. Savarkar authored the book:

#83. Which of the following peasant move ments is not properly matched with the state in which it was launched?

#84. Who among these was not a member of the Cabinet Mission ?

#85. The greatest crisis that Akbar faced in 1580-81 was when:

#86. Which of the following rock types, the Quartzite is related to ?

#87. Which of the following towns of India is located on Tropic of Cancer ?

#88. Which of the following mountains is the oldest ?

#89. Which of the following pairs of Indian Forests is not correctly matched?

#90. On which of the following Indian Rivers the Maitoor Project has been constructed?

#91. The ideal temperature of ocean water for the growth of Corals is:

#92. Tropical cyclones are not found between 10° north latitude and 10° south latitude due to:

The Coriolis force is quite different at the equator than it is at the Poles. This is why there is no Coriolis force at the equator and why hurricanes rarely form near the equator. The Coriolis force is simply too weak to move the air around low pressure.

#93. Which of the following is famous for the Cotton Textile Industry?

The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are the major cotton producing areas in India.

Maharashtra has about 122 cotton textile mills in its organised sector and it thus is the largest cotton producing state of India.

Lancashire is in UK. Other area in UK is Manchester.

#94. Which of the following metals, the Zawar mines of Udaipur are famous for?


#95. Which of the following Indian States is the greatest producer of wind energy?

Tamil Nadu is the highest wind energy producer state with capacity of 9608 MW.

#96. Which of the following Iron and Steel Plants does not function under the Steel Authority of India Limited?

Jamshedpur Steel Plant functions under Tata Steel.

#97. The most popular definition of sustainable development is given by :

Brundtland (1987): Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations to meet their own needs.

#98. HDI is entrusted with reference to:

(1) Life expectancy at birth
(2) Real GDP/per capita
(3) Infant mortality
(4) Morbidity

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education (mean years of schooling completed and expected years of schooling upon entering the education system), and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.

#99. What is the animal on the insignia of the RBI?

Royal bengal tiger is the symbol of RBI.

#100. 'Hydro Carbon Vision, 2025' is associated with:

The Hydrocarbon Vision 2025, presented by the erstwhile NDA regime in 2000, envisaged that 25 per cent of the potential area would be fully explored by 2005, 50 per cent by 2010, 75 per cent by 2015 and 100 per cent by 2025.

#101. Who coined the term Biodiversity?

The word biodiversity is a contraction of the phrase “biological diversity” and was first coined in 1985 by Walter Rosen of the National Research Council.

#102. The "Montreaux Record" is a register of :

The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance.

#103. Which of the following is the most important greenhouse gas in the earth's atmosphere?

The main gases responsible for the greenhouse effect include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and water vapor (which all occur naturally), and fluorinated gases (which are synthetic).

#104. Which of the following species on earth is known as 'Living fossil' surviving for more than 150 billion years?

The Olive Ridley Turtle is the known living fossil known for living more than 150 years.

#105. The Pygmy tribe is associated with:

Pygmy, in anthropology, member of any human group whose adult males grow to less than 59 inches (150 cm) in average height. A member of a slightly taller group is termed pygmoid.

#106. Which of the following countries has the highest Anthracite Coal reserves?

The United States of America is the leading country by reserves of anthracite and bituminous coal in the world.

#107. Which of the following are matters on which the Parliament has power to modify provisions of the Constitution by the simple majority? 1. Alternation of names, boundaries and areas of States 2. Appointment of Addi tional Judges 3. Abolition of second chamber of State Legislature 4. Administration Scheduled Areas of Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

correct answer is 1, 3 and 4.

#108. Who among the following was the Chairman of the Committee of the Constituent Assembly?

Major Committees

  1. constituent assembly chairman – B. R. Ambedkar
  2. Union Power Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
  3. Union Constitution Committee – Jawaharlal Nehru
  4. Provincial Constitution Committee – Vallabhbhai Patel
  5. Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas – Vallabhbhai Patel. This committee had the following subcommittees:
    1. Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee – J. B. Kripalani
    2. Minorities Sub-Committee – Harendra Coomar Mookerjee,
    3. North-East Frontier Tribal Areas and Assam Excluded & Partially Excluded Areas Sub-Committee – Gopinath Bordoloi
    4. Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas (Other than those in Assam) Sub-Committee – A V Thakkar
  6. Rules of Procedure Committee – Rajendra Prasad
  7. States Committee (Committee for negotiating with states) – Jawaharlal Nehru
  8. Steering Committee – Rajendra Prasad
  9. National Flag and HOC Committee – Rajendra Prasad
  10. Committee for the function of the Constitution Assembly – G V Mavlankar
  11. House Committee – B Pattabhi Sitaramayya
  12. Language Committee – Moturi Satyanarayana
  13. Order of Business Committee – K M Munshi

#109. India's first-ever conservation reserve for black buck will come up in which city-state?

India’s first-ever conservation reserve for blackbuck is in the Meja forest division of Allahabad (Prayagraj).

#110. The Indian Federation is based on the pattern of:

Federalism in India means relationship between the Centre government and state governments in India.

#111. Which of the following are included in the Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution of India ? 1. Uniform Civil Code for the citizens 2. Separation of Judiciary from Executive 3. Protection of monuments of national importance Select the correct answer by using the codes given below :


  • Article 44: The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizen a Uniform Civil Code through the territory of India.
  • Article 49: The State shall protect every monument or place of artistic or historic interest.
  • Article 50: The State shall take steps to separate judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State.

#112. Which is the Greenest State of India ?

Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya are India’s greenest states.

#113. The philosophical postulates of the Constitution of India are based on:

The historic Objectives Resolution was moved by Jawahar Lal Nehru on 13 December 1946 and was adopted on 22 January 1947.

#114. Who, among the following, was not a member of the State Reorganization Commission (SRC) appointed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru?

In October 1955, after two years of study, the Commission, comprising Justice Fazal Ali, K. M. Panikkar and H. N. Kunzru, submitted it’s report.

#115. The use of microorganism to degrade the harmful hazardous pollutants in the environment is called

Bioremediation refers to the use of microorganisms to degrade contaminants that pose environmental and human risks.

#116. Under Article 368, the Parliament has no power to repeal Fundamental Rights because these are:

Constitution under Article 368 grants power to the Parliament to amend whenever there is a necessity.The doctrine of basic structure is  a judicial innovation to ensure that the power of amendment is not misused by Parliament.

#117. Which of the following is not an element of 'Secular State' in India?

Article 25-28 deals with the Right to Freedom of Religion in India.

#118. Structure connecting the foetus to placenta is :

#119. The International Yoga Day is celebrated on :

#120. Hepatitis is a :

#121. Which of the following is the richest of Vitamin C ?

#122. Batteries used in mobile and smart phones are :

#123. Which is NOT correct for detergents ?

#124. When a body falls freely towards the earth, then its total energy :

#125. The sharpness of a television image is termed as its :

#126. The blue colour of water in the sea is due to ;

#127. Audible range for adult human beings is :

#128. Human blood is red in colour because of the presence of :

#129. Which of the following chemical is known as Vitamin C?

#130. Saffron is obtained from ______ of plant.

#131. Silk is a :

#132. Fuse wire used in electric instruments are made up of :

#133. Rockets are designed to carry :

#134. EEG is used to measure the functioning of :


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