Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

BPSC Test 07

Table of Contents


#1. The Fresh Water Lake built by India near its Research Station 'Maitri' in the Antarctica is known as:

Freshwater is provided through a freshwater lake named Lake Priyadarshini, in front of Maitri.

#2. The Mars Perseverence Rover that landed on the Mars on 18th February, 2021 was launched by:

On Feb. 18, 2021, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover makes its final descent to the Red Planet

#3. The State of Jammu and Kashmir was made an Union Territory of India with effect from:

A resolution to repeal Article 370 was passed by both the houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019. At the same time, a reorganisation act was also passed, which would reconstitute the state into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The reorganisation took effect from 31 October 2019.

#4. What was the capital of Vatsa Mahajanapada ?

Vatsa is situated on the banks of river Yamuna which was famous for its fine cotton textiles. The capital  Kaushambi is situated at the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna, near Prayagraj.

#5. Which of the following sources indicate that the last Mauryan ruler Brihdarth was assassinated by Pushyamitra?

#6. Who among the Gupta Rulers was first to bear higher political title of Maharajadhiraja ?

#7. Who overthrow the Rashtrakutas in 973 AD?

#8. Which of the following Mughal sources was translated into Persian by Painda Khan ?

Painda Khan and Abdur Rahim Mirza translated the book in Akabar rule. In English Leyden and Erskine translated Baburnama into from the Persian text.

#9. Who was the author of Tankh I Dauai?

Tarikh-i-Daudi written by Abdullah in 1575 -76 AD deals with the history of the Afghan rulers from Bahlol Lodi of Delhi to daud khan karrani, the last Afghan sultan of Bengal. The book was dedicated to Daud Karrani who was defeated in the battle of rajmahal in 1576 by Khan Jahan, the general of Akbar.

#10. What was the term used for the religious officer in Mughal Administration?

#11. Which of the following land revenue settlement was first to have concluded with the village community?

Zamindari System /Permanent Settlement was introduced by Cornwallis in 1793.
Area— Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Varanasi.
Zamindars were recognized as owner of the lands and were given the rights to
collect the rent from the peasants.
The realized amount would be divided into 11 parts. 1/11 of the share belongs to
Zamindars and 10/11 of the share belongs to East India Company.

Ryotwari System was introduced by Thomas Munro in 1820.
Areas —Madras, Bombay, parts of Assam and Coorgh

In Ryotwari System the ownership rights were handed over to the peasants. British
Government collected taxes directly from the peasants.
The revenue rates of Ryotwari System were 50% where the lands were dry and 60% in
irrigated land.

Mahalwari system was introduced in 1833 during the period of William Bentick.
Area— Central Province, North-West Frontier, Agra, Punjab, Gangetic
Valley, etc of British India.
The Mahalwari system had many provisions of both the Zamindari System and Ryotwari
In this system, the land was divided into Mahals. Each Mahal comprises one or more
Ownership rights were with the peasants.
The villages committee was held responsible for collection of the taxes

#12. British concluded Treaty of Surat in 1775 with:

The Treaty of Surat (6 March 1775) was a treaty by which Raghunathrao, one of the claimants to the throne of the Peshwa, agreed to cede Salsette and Bassein Fort to the English, in consideration of being himself restored to Poona. The military operations that followed are known as the First Anglo-Maratha War.

#13. What was the title of the first newspaper published by James Augustus Hickey?

Bengal Gazette was the first English-language newspaper published on the Indian subcontinent. It was founded in Calcutta by Irishman James Augustus Hicky in 1779.

#14. Who compared the Salt March of Gandhi to Napoleon's march to Paris on his returm from Elba ?

#15. Who was the Chairman of the First Famine Commission in 1880?

Richard strachey commission in 1880 Was created to develop a General strategy and principles to deal with the famines.

#16. The Middle Himalayan Range originated in:

It is between the Shiwaliks in the south and the Greater Himalayas in the north.

#17. Which of the following is not an example of a Block mountain?

#18. Which of the following tributaries of Indus river emerges from the Pir Panjal Range?

#19. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?

#20. Which of the following is not correctly matched ?

#21. Which of the following is not correctly matched ?

#22. Which of the following human races has woolly hairs?

#23. In which ofthe following demographic transition stages, the intensive subsistence farming is prevalent?

#24. It is 12 noon at Greenwich. What will be the time ata place situated at 60 East Longitude ?

#25. What is the significance of Dakshin Gangotri ?

static GK

#26. In India, El Nino is very often associated with

El Nino means lesser than average rains for India.

#27. In the atmosphere which of the following carries the ozone layer?

The stratosphere up to a height of 50 km from the earth’s surface is the second layer of the atmosphere found above the troposphere.

#28. Which of the following is a predominant species of the deciduous forests of Odisha?

The trees which grow in abundance in Odisha are bamboo, teak, rosewood, sal, piasal, sanghvan and haldi.

#29. Slash and burn cultivation relates to which of the following?

Shifting Cultivation is also called ‘Slash and Burn’ agriculture.

#30. The ldeal of Welfare State in the lndian Consttution is enshrined in its:

Directive Principles of State Policy

#31. Who, as per the provisions of the Constitution, declares an area as a Scheduled Area ?

As per the Constitutional provision under Article 244 (1) of the Constitution of India, the ‘Scheduled Areas’ are defined as ‘such areas as the President may by order declare to be Scheduled Areas’ – as per paragraph 6(1) of the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India.

#32. The Concurrent List in the Constitution of India was adopted from:

the Constitution of Australia

#33. Which Schedule of the Constitution of India distributes power between the Union and the States?

The Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India defines and specifies allocation of powers and functions between Union & States.

#34. Mandamus is a writ issued by the Apex Court:

‘Mandamus’ means ‘we command’. It is issued by the Court to direct a public authority to perform the legal duties which it has not or refused to perform. It can be issued by the Court against a public official, public corporation, tribunal, inferior court or the government.

#35. Any money bill cannot be introduced in the Parliament without the consent of the:

A Money Bill is introduced in Lok Sabha, on the prior recommendation of the President.

#36. The first state in India which was created on linguistic basis :

The first state to be created on a linguistic basis was Andhra in 1953.

#37. The Right to Education for all between 6 and 14 years of age has been included as a Fundamental Right in the year:

It was included in the Constitution through the 86th Amendment Act, 2002.

#38. One of the following now is not a Department of Finance Ministry:

The finance ministry already has five departments – Department of Economic Affairs, Department of Expenditure, Department of Revenue, Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) and Department of Financial Services.

#39. The All India Whips Conference is organised by:

This Conference is being organized by the Union Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) and the Government of Rajasthan.

#40. The purpose of Uniform Civil Code incorporated in Article 44 of Indian Constitution is for:

#41. Keeping control over delegated legislation is the power of:

Parliament has the overall control over the delegated legislation as it takes account with the statutory committees which make law through bills.

#42. The Goveming Councl of NITI Aayog comprises of:

The Governing Council of NITI Aayog comprises the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India; Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories with legislature; Lt Governors of other UTs; Ex-Officio Members; Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog; Full-Time Members, NITI Aayog; and Special Invitees.

#43. The Chairman of Zonal Council in India is:

The idea of creation of Zonal Councils was mooted by the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1956.Five Zonal Councils were set up vide Part-III of the States Re-organisation Act, 1956.The Union Home Minister is the Chairman of each of these Councils. The Chief Ministers of the States included in each zone act as Vice-Chairman of the Zonal Council for that zone by rotation, each holding office for a period of one year at a time.

  • The Northern Zonal Council, comprising the States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Union Territory of Chandigarh;
  • The Central Zonal Council, comprising the States of Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh;
  • The Eastern Zonal Council, comprising the States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Sikkim and West Bengal;
  • The Western Zonal Council, comprising the States of Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra and the Union Territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli;
  • The Southern Zonal Council, comprising the States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
  • The North Eastern States i.e. (i) Assam (ii) Arunachal Pradesh (iii) Manipur (iv) Tripura (v) Mizoram (vi) Meghalaya and (vii) Nagaland are not included in the Zonal Councils and their special problems are looked after by the North Eastern Council, set up under the North Eastern Council Act, 1972.

#44. For each country, Global Hunger Index Values are determined by which of the following indicators?

(1) Under Nourishment
(2) Child Mortality
(3) Child Stunting
(4) Child Wasting

The correct answer is:

GHI scores are calculated using a three-step process that draws on available data from various sources to capture the multidimensional nature of hunger.

First, for each country, values are determined for four indicators:

  1. UNDERNOURISHMENT: the share of the population that is undernourished (that is, whose caloric intake is insufficient);
  2. CHILD WASTING: the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (that is, who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition);
  3. CHILD STUNTING: the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (that is, who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition); and
  4. CHILD MORTALITY: the mortality rate of children under the age of five (in part, a reflection of the fatal mix of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments).

#45. The reserve held by commercial banks over and above the statutory minimum with the RBI are called:


#46. Which of the following promoted the concept of Self Help Groups (SHGs) for financing the poor?

NABARD developed the model of Self Help Group for financing the poor.

#47. Which of the following is not a financial inclusion scheme?

#48. Sishu, Kishore and Tarun are the schemes of:

#49. Which of the following indicators is not used to calculate Human Development Index ?

#50. Which of the following Committees recommended a poverty line based on nutritional requirements exclusively?

#51. The first sustainable development goal aims to eradicate extreme poverty. How does the U. N. currently measure extreme poverty?

#52. The contribution of the primary sector to GDP of lndia is:

#53. Robin Hood effect is related to which of the following ?

The Robin Hood effect is the redistribution of wealth from the rich to the poor. The Robin Hood effect should not be confused with the Robinhood effect, which is the increased number, importance, and attention given to small retail investors using low-entry-barrier trading apps

#54. Out of the four concepts of money Supply used in India, M1, M2, M3, and M4. the Post Office Savings are included in:

  • RBI publishes figures for four alternative measures of money supply, viz. M1, M2, M3 and M4.
    • M1 = currency (notes plus coins)held by the public net demand deposits held by commercial banks.
    • M2 = M1 Savings deposits with Post Office savings banks
    • M3 = M1 Net time deposits of commercial banks
    • M4 = M3 Total deposits with Post Office savings organisations (excluding National Savings Certificates)

#55. The lnsurance Regulatory and Development Authority (RDA) is which type of body ?

Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI), is a statutory body formed under an Act of Parliament, i.e., Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 (IRDAI Act 1999) for overall supervision and development of the Insurance sector in India.

#56. Deforestation is not a direct cause of:

An invasive species is an organism that causes ecological or economic harm in a new environment where it is not native. . Invasive species can harm both the natural resources in an ecosystem as well as threaten human use of these resources.

Other three options are direct causes of deforestation.


#57. The succession where the community increases its diversity and complexity with time is called:

Primary succession is ecological succession that begins in essentially lifeless areas, such as regions in which there is no soil or where the soil is incapable of sustaining life (because of recent lava flows, newly formed sand dunes, or rocks left from a retreating glacier).

Progressive succession refers to the succession where the community becomes. complex and contains more species and biomass over time.

Retrogressive succession refers to the succession where the community becomes. simplistic and contains fewer species and less biomass over time.

Denuded succession starts on the secondary bare area which was once occupied by original vegetation but later became completely cleared of vegetation by the process called denudation. This denudation process is brought about by the destructive agencies, such as fire, cultivation, strong winds, and rains.

#58. Biochemical oxygen demand of water is a measure of:

BOD is a measure of the amount of oxygen required to remove waste organic matter from water in the process of decomposition by aerobic bacteria (those bacteria that live only in an environment containing oxygen).

It is an important water quality parameter because it provides an index to assess the effect discharged wastewater will have on the receiving environment. Depletion of BOD causes stress on aquatic organisms, making the environment unsuitable for life.

#59. Which of the following does not belong to natural air pollutant?

Peroxyacetyl nitrate is an unstable, highly oxygenated compound that exists only in the atmosphere. It is a key intermediate in the formation of the air pollutant ozone.

#60. Ex situ conservation includes:

Ex situ conservation is conservation of selected rare plants/animals in places outside their natural homes. It includes botanical gardens or zoological parts, seed banks, cryopreservation, field gene banks and sacred plants.

#61. Which of the following is a correct combination ?

The sanctuary is home to a herd of Blackbuck and Spotted Deer. It is located in the Indian state of Odisha.

#62. Which of the following is expected to be a cause of the rise in sea level?

The melting of the polar ice cap directly causes the rise in sea level.

#63. The solar energy is a:

Solar power is energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy. Solar energy is the cleanest and most abundant renewable energy source available.

#64. Bats use - to navigate and find food

Bats navigate and find insect prey using echolocation. They produce sound waves at frequencies above human hearing, called ultrasound. The sound waves emitted by bats bounce off objects in their environment.

#65. Nucleic acid present in corona virus is:

coronavirus, any virus belonging to the family Coronaviridae.

Coronaviruses have enveloped virions (virus particles) that measure approximately 120 nm (1 nm = 10−9 metre) in diameter. Club-shaped glycoprotein spikes in the envelope give the viruses a crownlike, or coronal, appearance.

The nucleocapsid, made up of a protein shell known as a capsid and containing the viral nucleic acids, is helical or tubular.

The coronavirus genome consists of a single strand of positive-sense RNA (ribonucleic acid).

#66. Television signals are:

For T.V broadcasting , frequency modulation for audio signal and amplitude modulation for video transmission are used.

#67. Electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy in:

An electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. A generator converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

#68. One light year is:

Light-year is the distance light travels in one year. One light-year is about 9 trillion km and also equal to approx 6.5×10^5 earht’s years.

#69. Bleeding from nose is caused when a person is there at:

Bleeding from nose is caused when a person is there at higher altitudes where atmospheric pressure is low.

#70. The main component of biogas is:

The biogas (methane) produced in the anaerobic fermentation process is a mixed gas, and its main contents are CH4, CO2, H2S, and water.

#71. Subatomic particles are:

Subatomic particles are elctrons,protons and neutrons.

#72. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas because it:

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a poisonous, colorless, odorless and tasteless gas. It is harmful when breathed because it displaces oxygen in the blood and deprives the heart, brain and other vital organs of oxygen.

#73. Which is NOT a synthetic polymer?

Examples of synthetic polymers include nylon, polyethylene, polyester, Teflon, and epoxy etc.

Examples of naturally occurring polymers are silk, wool, DNA, cellulose and proteins etc.

#74. Bee sting causes severe pain and burning sensation due to the presence of:

The sting of a honey bee causes pain and burning sensations because it contains formic acid.

Formic acid (HCO2H), also called methanoic acid, the simplest of the carboxylic acids, used in processing textiles and leather.

#75. Albinism is caused due to the deficiency of a/an:

It is caused by the deficiency of tyrosinase enzyme.

#76. In ballpoint pens, dyes used are:

The dyes used in blue and black ballpoint pens are basic dyes based on triarylmethane and acid dyes derived from diazo compounds or phthalocyanine.

#77. Which one of the following colours is least deviated by the glass prism ?

#78. Which of the following substances is not synthetic?

#79. Change in the base sequence within a gene is called:

With base substitution mutations, only a single nucleotide within a gene sequence is changed.

#80. Hypsometer is used to measure:

hypsometer is an instrument for measuring height or elevation.

#81. The Headquarters of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank is located at

#82. India's First National Film Museum was set up in

Gulshan Mahal a 19th century Victorian bungalow, the National Museum of Indian Cinema – India’s first one provides a glimpse into the early history of Indian cinema, depicting events like the famous first show of the Lumiere brothers’ films in Mumbai in 1896.

#83. Which one of the following persons is the First Lokpal of India?

First Chairperson of the Lokpal is Shri Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghose, who is a former Judge of Supreme Court of India and was a sitting member of National Human Rights Commission.

#84. As on today, which one of the following countries is not a member of European Union ?

The EU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

#85. The country which supplied 'Apache AH-64E' helicopters to India is:

India finalised a multi-billion dollar contract with Boeing to procure 22 Apache helicopters and 15 Chinooks for the IAF in September 2015.

#86. The numerous caves on the Udayagiri and Khandagiri hills of Odisha testify to the:

The caves of Udayagiri and Khandagiri, called lena or leṇa in the inscriptions, were dug out mostly during the reign of Kharavela for the abode of Jaina ascetics. The most important of this group is Ranigumpha in Udayagiri which is a double storeyed monastery.

#87. Which of the following Ashokan inscriptions indicates that he did not abolish the Capital Punishment?

Pillar Edict IV- Deals with duties of Rajukas.

#88. Which of the following is a rock-cut sculpture of the Mauryan period?

Dhauli is located in Kalinga,Orissa.

#89. The Sun temple built at Gaya during the Sultanate period has an inscription containing the name of a Sultan twice. Who is this Sultan?

The Dakshinaarka temple in Gaya is an ancient shrine to the Sun God. Sultan Firoz shah tughlaq from Tughlaq dynasty ruled from 1351 to 1388.

#90. Nayankara system of the Vijayanagar Empire was modelled on the :

According to the system, all the land were owned by the rulers.

#91. Who among the following Mughal emperors, after his recovery from illness, wore pearl earring as a token of thanks to the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chisti?

Jahangir after his recovery from illness wore pearl earrings.

#92. Khalsa, the 'Society of the Pure', was founded in:

#93. The Maratha claim of revenue for protection is called:

Chauth was an annual tax nominally levied at 25 percent on revenue or produce.

#94. Bombay (now Mumbai) acquired by the English originally belonged to the:

The marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Portugal on 8 May 1661 placed Bombay in British possession as a part of Catherine’s dowry to Charles.

#95. "Mercantilist, Free Trade Mercantile Capitalism and Finance Imperialism are three successive phases of British Colonialism." This theory was first formulated by whom?

#96. The main reason for the peasants to join the 1857 Revolt was:

All are correct.

#97. The only major industry in the hands of Indian capitalists during the late Nineteenth Century was:

#98. The 'All India Women's Conference' (AIWC) was started in 1927 to:

It was founded in 1927 by Margaret Cousins in order to improve educational efforts for women and children and has expanded its scope to also tackle other women’s rights issues.

#99. Who amongst the following was not included in the I. N. A. trial held in the Red Fort, Delhi in 1945-46?

The first INA was formed under Mohan Singh.

#100. The theory of Central Places was propounded by:

Central Place Theory is a spatial theory in urban geography and urban economics. It explains the spatial arrangements, patterns and distribution of urban areas and human settlements.

#101. Who is credited to have discovered the West Indies?

America was also discovered by Columbus.

#102. Which of the following oceans has highest average salinity?

The average salinity is 35.6%.

#103. Which of the following ocean currents is also known as the specific weather current?

El Nino is a name given to the development of a warm ocean current along the coast of Peru.

#104. In which of the following geological periods the volcanic lava flow took place in the Deccan Plateau of India ?

The Cretaceous is a geological period that lasted from about 145 to 66 million years ago. It is the third and final period of the Mesozoic Era, as well as the longest.

#105. The Black Forest Mountain is an example of :

It is in Germany. Other example is Sierra Niveda of USA,salt range of pakistan etc.

#106. In which of the following atmospheric layers ozone gas is concentrated?

The stratosphere starts just above the troposphere and extends to 50 kilometers . The ozone layer, which absorbs and scatters the solar ultraviolet radiation, is in this layer.

#107. Which type of farming is prevalent in South Bengal of India?

It is the practice of growing one or more vegetable crops on a large scale for shipment to distant markets.

#108. Which of the following is the greatest shipping canal of the world?

In Egypt, the Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.

#109. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

Birmingham is United Kingdom’s manufacturing and automotive industries hub.

China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation is the biggest ship builder in the world.

#110. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

Ahmedabad is known as the Manchester of India.

#111. Which of the following rivers the Shiva-samudram Hydel Project is located at?

Shivanasamudra is a waterfall in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka along the river Kaveri.

#112. India borrowed the idea of Directive Principle of State Policy from the Constitution of :

The concept of Directive Principles of State Policy was borrowed from the Irish Constitution.

#113. Which one of the following is NOT a fundamental right anymore?

Although the right to property is no longer a fundamental right, it remains a constitutional right under Article 300A and a human right, as this Court noted in Vimlaben Ajitbhai Patel v.

#114. In which part of the Constitution does the concept of welfare state find elaboration?

Directive Principles aim at the establishment of welfare states under Part IV.

#115. 'Right to Freedom of Religion' is guaranteed under the Constitution in Articles:

Constitutional Provisions relating to Right of Religion

  • Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
  • Article 26: Freedom to manage religious affairs.
  • Article 27: Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
  • Article 28: Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions

#116. Fundamental Rights are enshrined in the Constitution of India in:

Fundamental rights in India are the rights guaranteed under Part III (Articles 12-35) of the Constitution of India.

#117. The Gandhian Principles of Philosophy have been enumerated in the:

Gandhian Principles as DPSP
  • Article 40: Organization of village Panchayats
  • Article 43: Promotion of cottage industries
  • Article 46: Promotion and protection of interests of educational and economic interests of SCs, STs, and other weaker sections of the society
  • Article 47: Prohibition of consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs
  • Article 48: Prohibition of slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds

#118. Which one of the following sets of bills is presented to the Parliament along with the budget?

  • Appropriation Bill gives power to the government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India as per article 114 to meet the current expenditure during the financial year.
  • A Finance Bill is a Bill that, as the name suggests, concerns the country’s finances — it could be about taxes, government expenditures, government borrowings, revenues, etc. Since the Union Budget deals with these things, it is passed as a Finance Bill.

#119. Which among the following is the middle unit of Three Tier Panchayati Raj System?

Gram Panchayat was established for village level, Panchayat Samiti was for block level and Zila Parsihad was formed at district level.

#120. In which chapter of the Indian Constitution there is a mention of Uniform Civil Code?

According to Article 44 “The State shall endeavor to secure the citizen a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India”.

#121. In case of dispute between the two houses of Indian Parliament over an Ordinary Bill the case is referred to:

As per Article 108 of Constitution, a Joint session of Parliament can be summoned in the following situations.

If after a Bill has been passed by one House and submitted to the other House—

  • (a) the Bill is rejected by the other House; or
  • (b) the Houses have finally disagreed as to the amendments to be made in the Bill; or
  • (c) more than six months elapse from the date of the reception of the Bill by the other House

Joint Sitting of Indian parliament has been called for only 3 bills:

  1. Dowry Prohibition Bill, 1961
  2. Banking Service Commission (Repeal) Bill, 1978
  3. Prevention of Terrorism Bill, 2002

#122. Who represents the Goverment of India while presenting the budget to the Parliament?

The Union Budget  referred to as the Annual Financial Statement in Article 112 of the Constitution of India, is the annual budget  of India, presented each year on the very first day of February by the Finance Minister of India in Parliament.

#123. When a Bill is reserved by the Governor for the consideration of the President, within what time he must return the Bill?

Governor can reserve the bill for infinite time for President accent.

#124. The Chief Election Commissioner of India holds office for a period of:

He holds the office for six years or till he attains the age of 65 years whichever is earlier.

#125. The Supreme Court of India enjoys the power of 'Judicial review ' which implies that it can:

Judicial review is the power of an independent judiciary, or courts of law, to determine whether the acts of other components of the government are in accordance with the constitution. Any action that conflicts with the constitution is declared unconstitutional and therefore nullified.

#126. The doctrine of ' basic structure ' emerged in the case of :

The idea is that the basic features of the Constitution of India should not be altered to an extent that the identity of the Constitution is lost in the process.

  • The following four cases gives the concept of ‘Basic structure’ doctrine- Shankari Prasad (1951), Golak Nath (1967), Keshavananda Bharati (1973) and Minerva mills (1980).
  • Some of the Basic structure are:
    • Supremacy of the constitution
    • Rule of law
    • Sovereignty, liberty and republic nature of Indian polity.
    • Judicial review
    • Harmony and Balance between fundamental rights and directive principles.
    • Separation of power.
    • Federal character.
    • Parliamentary system.
    • Rule of equality.

#127. Rourkela Steel Plant was set up with assistance from :

#128. Which of the following states holds second rank after Kerala in female literacy as per Census 2011?

The female literacy rate of Mizoram on the 2011 census was 89.3%.

#129. The Scheme 'HRIDAY' is associated with :

The National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY), a central sector scheme of the Government of India, was launched on 21st January 2015 with the aim of bringing together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner & with the objective of preserving the heritage character of the City.

Under the Scheme, twelve cities namely, Ajmer, Amritsar, Amaravati, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura, Puri, Varanasi Velankanni, Warangal have been identified for development. The mission period of HRIDAY scheme ended on 31st March, 2019.

The scheme was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs.


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