Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

BPSC Test Series 04

Table of Contents


#1. The following state is the highest producer of 'Tin' in India :

Answer:  D

Solution: Chattisgarh is the largest producer of tin in India.

Minerals in India (Tin)
Minerals in India (Tin)

Additional Info: Tin ore is known as Cassiterite.


#2. Which Sultan was not a slave before he ascended the throne?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Alauddin Khilji murdered his father in law Jalaluddin Khilji and captured the throne.

He confiscated the properties of the nobles. The intelligence system was reorganized and all the secret activities of the nobles were immediately reported to the Sultan.

The public sale of liquor and drugs was totally stopped. Social gatherings and festivities without the permission of Sultan were forbidden. By such harsh measures his reign was free from rebellions.

#3. Who coined the slogan 'Swaraj is my birth right'?

Answer:  C

Solution: Lokmanya Tilak’s slogan ‘Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it’, caught the imagination of a country fighting to free itself from the colonial rule.

#4. Ratio of the rms speed and the most probable speed for molecules in an ideal gas is

Ans: (C)

Solution: Ratio of the rms speed and the most probable speed for molecules in an ideal gas is √3 : √2.

#5. The Valley of Kashmir is located in between the following ranges :

Answer:  A

Solution: The Valley of Kashmir is located in between the valley of Zaskar and Pir Panjal.

Valley of Kashmir
Valley of Kashmir

#6. The velocity ratio of the hour hand and Minute hand of a clock is

Answer:  A

Solution: In 1 Hour, the hour hand covers 360 degrees whereas the Minute hand covers 30 degrees. Hence, ratio of the speed will be 30:360 i.e. 1:12.

#7. The leader of the Narmada Bachao Andolon is

Answer:  B

Solution: Narmada Bachao Andolan is an Indian social movement spearheaded by native tribals, farmers, environmentalists, and human rights activists against a number of large dam projects across the Narmada River, which flows through the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra.

#8. Which was the first incident of a British official's assassination after the revolt of 1857?

Answer:  A

Solution: The Chapekar brothers murdered the Plague Commissioner of Poona, Rand in 1897. This was the first assassination after the formation of Congress.

#9. Vikramsila Vihara was founded by

Answer:  B

Solution: Vikramashila was one of the three most important Buddhist monasteries in India during the Pala Empire, along with Nalanda and Odantapuri. Its location is now the site of Antichak village, Bhagalpur district in Bihar.

Its founder was Dharmpala.



#10. Who said, "An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind"?

Answer: B

Solution: This is a famous statement of Gandhi.

#11. Siachen glacier is located in the following range

Answer: A

Solution: The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range

Valley of Kashmir
Valley of Kashmir

#12. Which animal was part of the symbol of Netaji's INA Flag?

Answer: C

Azad Hind

#13. Pure Silicon at 0 K is

Answer: C

Solution: In pure silicon, the valence band is completely filled at absolute zero so it acts as Insulator. 

#14. Which is the Direct Tax in India?

Answer: C

Solution: Direct tax is a tax imposed upon a person or property like Income Tax, Wealth Tax etc.

#15. What was the 'Eka Movement'?

Answer: B

Solution: Eka Movement or Unity Movement is a peasant movement in Bengal in 1921.  Initially started by Congress and the Khalifat movement, it was later headed by Madari Pasi.

#16. The power of a lens is +2.0 D. The focal length of the lens and its nature are

Answer: B

Solution: The power of a lens is defined as the reciprocal of the focal length. Lens power is measured in dioptres (D). Converging (convex ) lenses have positive focal lengths, so they also have positive power values.

D = 1/f

= 1/2


#17. According to WHO, the official name of the virus responsible for Covid-l9 disease is

Answer: A

#18. Who founded the Asiatic Society in Calcutta?

Answer: A

Solution: The Asiatic Society is a government of India organization founded during the Company rule in India to enhance and further the cause of “Oriental research”. It was founded by the philologist William Jones in 1784.

#19. Who wrote Amuktamalyada?

Answer: D

Solution: Krishnadeva Raya (ruled 1509-29) was the most famous ruler of Vijayanagara, composed a work on statecraft in Telugu known as the Amuktamalyada.

#20. Under which amendment of the Indian Constitution the voting age reduced to 18 from 21 ?

Answer: C

Solution: The Sixty-first Amendment of the Constitution of India lowered the voting age of elections to the Lok Sabha and to the Legislative Assemblies of States from 21 years to 18 years.

#21. Article 18 of the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to

Answer: A

Solution: Article 18 contains provisions for the abolishes all titles. It prohibits the State to confer titles on anybody whether a citizen or a non-citizen.

#22. Money Bill is finally determined by

Answer: B

Solution: The question of whether a financial bill is a money bill or not is decided by the Speaker.

#23. Khajuraho, 'the City of the Gods' a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the name of which was first referred in the 11th century CE by

Answer: C

Solution: Khajuraho is an ancient city is located in the Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh.

In the 13th century, Delhi’s Muslim sultan Qutb-ud-Din Aibak attacked and seized the Chandela kingdom. Al Biruni came with him.

#24. 'Perseverance' rover was successfully landed by NASA on the surface of

Answer: B

Solution: It was a rover by NASA for Mars. It was the part of Mars Exploration Program that includes the rover Perseverance and the small robotic helicopter Ingenuity.

#25. Who was the Mughal emperor during the Revolt of 1857?

Answer: C

Solution: Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II was the twentieth and last Mughal Emperor of India.

#26. Who is the custodian of the Indian Constitution?

Answer: D

Solution: Supreme Court is the custodian and defender of the constitution.

#27. 'Dandi March' had inaugurated which movement?

Answer: C

Solution: Dandi March was an act of nonviolent civil disobedience in colonial India led by Mahatma Gandhi. The twenty-four-day march lasted from 12 March 1930 to 6 April 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly.

#28. Which part of the world was the agenda of Khilafat movement involved with?

Answer: D

Solution: Khilafat Movement was led by the Muslim community after Turkey was defeated in the First World War. The ruler of Turkey was the religious leader of Muslims so they took this defeat as an insult and opposed the British Empire.

The khilafat committee joined the hand with Gandhi and supported the non-cooperation movement.

#29. 'Letters from Burma' is a book of essays penned by

Answer: A

Factual Question.

#30. In terms of thermal conductivity (k) and electrical conductivity (6), diamond has

Answer: B

Solution: Diamond does not conduct electricity although it is good thermal conductor.

High Thermal Conductivity: Diamond is a good conductor of heat because of the strong covalent bonding and low phonon scattering. The thermal conductivity of natural diamond is five times more than silver, the most thermally conductive metal.

Low Electrical Conductivity: Diamond is electrical insulator.

#31. The highest peak of the Eastern Ghats is

Answer: C

Solution: The highest peak of eastern Ghat is Jindhagada (in Andhra Pradesh).

Eastern Ghat
Eastern Ghat

#32. 'Chipko Andolon' is known as

Answer: B

Solution: The Chipko movement was a forest conservation movement in India. The movement originated in 1973 in the Himalayan region of Uttarakhand. It was led by tribals.


#33. Which Medieval ruler introduced Ain-i- Dahsala

Answer: D   

Solution: Dahsala is an Indian system of land taxation which was introduced in A.D. 1580 under the reign of Akbar. This system was introduced by the finance minister of Akbar, Raja Todar Mal, who was appointed in A.D. 1573 in Gujarat, and it helped to make the system of tax collection from non-muslims more organised.

#34. Which revolutionary leader made 'mercy petitions' from jail

Answer: A

Solution: Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was the leader of the Hindu Mahasabha. He also founded the Abhinav Bharat Society. It is alleged that he made mercy petition from jail but still the fact is not verified.

#35. Who propagated the 'safety valve theory' and about which organization ?

Answer: A

Solution: The Indian National Congress was founded in the year 1885. The British ICS offices A O Hume was the founder of congress.

Congress was formed on the directive of then Viceroy of India Lord Dufferin. The motive was to form a safety valve that will act as the medium to minimize the popular discontent.

#36. The largest glacier of India is

Answer: C

Solution: The largest glacier in India is Siachin Glacier.

Siachin Glacier
Siachin Glacier

#37. Who wrote Ramcharitmanas?

Answer: C

Solution: Ramcharimanas: Tulsi Das
Ramayan: Balmiki

#38. A battery consists of 10 cells, each of emf 1 V. If 2 cells are wrongly connected, the emf of the battery becomes

Answer: C

Solution: The wrongly connected Batteries will oppse the empf of other batteries. Here, 2 opposite Batteries will oppose the Other two, hence net emf will be 6 V.

#39. Which Turkish Sultan introduced the Iqta system?

Answer: C

Solution: The Iqta system was a Tax farming strategy adopted by Iltutmish. Revenue was granted from territory in lieu of salary. The system bonded central authority with the region.

Administrators of an Iqta were known as muqti or wali. They collected land revenue and looked after general administration.

#40. Who wrote the drama Neeldarpan?

Answer: D

Solution: Nil Darpan is a Bengali-language play written by Dinabandhu Mitra in 1858–1859. The play was written in the shadow of Nil Indigo Revolt of 1859 in Bengal.

#41. Hydraulic press is based on

Answer: B

Solution: A hydraulic press works on the principle of Pascal’s law, which states that when pressure is applied to a confined fluid, the pressure change occurs throughout the entire fluid.

#42. A person on a swing stands up. The time period of the swing

Answer: C

Solution: When a person stands upon a swing, the position of the centre of mass of the person is raised. Due to which the effective length of the pendulum decreases, hence the time period of swing decreases

#43. Who was the editor of the nationalist newspaper 'Sandhya'?

Answer: B

Solution: Brahmabandhab Upadhyay acted as editor of Sandhya.

#44. The confluence of Bhagirathi and Alakananda is located at

Answer: B



#45. Ibn Batuta came to India during which rulers'reign?

Answer: C

Solution: Ibn Batuta reached Delhi during the reign of Mohammad Bin Tughlaq and he  served the king for seven years as a judge in his royal court.

#46. To which following movement is the term 'ulgulan' associated with?

Answer: A

Solution: The Great Tumult or Ulgulan was a movement started by Birsa Munda against the exploitation and discrimination against tribals by the local authorities.

#47. Gandhiji was influenced by

Answer: A

Solution: Gandhi was greatly influenced by Leo Tolstoy, through his book ‘The Kingdom of God is Within You’ and his essay on ‘Christianity and Patriotism’. Tolstoy’s ideal of “simplicity of life and purity of purpose” influenced Gandhi deeply.

#48. Inter-state council is formed by the

Answer: D

Solution: The President can establish (under Article 263) an Inter-State Council to investigate and discuss subject of common interest between the Centre and the states.

The inter-state council is not a permanent constitutional body for coordination between the states and union government. It can be established ‘at any time’ if it appears to the President that the public interests would be served by the establishment of such a council.

The council was formed based on the recommendations of Sarkaria Commission in Rajeev Gandhi Government.

#49. Dry ice means

Answer: D

Solution: Dry ice is the solid form of carbon dioxide. It is commonly used for temporary refrigeration as CO₂ does not have a liquid state at normal atmospheric pressure and sublimates directly from the solid state to the gas state.


#50. The freezing chest in refrigerator is kept near the top because

Answer: D

Solution: Freezing chest in a refrigerator is fitted near its top, because it cools the remaining space of the refrigerator by convection current.

#51. The responsibility for printing currency notes in India lies in the hand of

Answer: C

Solution: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) prints and manages currency in India, whereas the Indian government regulates what denominations to circulate. The Indian government is solely responsible for minting coins.

#52. Who was the Governor General of India when Gandhiji initiated Civil Disobedience Movement?

Answer: D

Solution: Civil Disobedience Movement was started in the year 1930 and ended in 1934.  It was launched as the government did not accept the Nehru report.

Gandhi launched Dandi March as the beginning of the Civil Disobedience and broke the slat law of British. Gandhi urged people not to pay the tax.

Lord Irwin was the viceroy of India at that time.

#53. The Partition of Bengal was annulled in

Answer: B

Solution: In the year 1911, it was decided to annul the partition. The capital was shifted to Delhi. The Muslims were not happy with this move.

#54. Members of the Public Accounts Committee are elected by

Answer: C


Public Account Committee

  • This is a joint parliamentary committee.
  • The members are selected based on the principle of single transferable vote system; it ensures the participation of all the political parties in the election of member of PAC.
  • It consists of 22 members. 15 from Loksabha and 7 from Rajyasabha.
  • The basic function of the PAC is to investigate the CAG reports.
  • It submits its audit report to the president and not the speaker of the house. The president tables the report before the parliament.

#55. which Indian Nationalist Leader is known as 'Grand Old Man of India'?

Answer: D

Solution: Dadabhai Naoroji is known as the “Grand Old Man of India” and “Unofficial Ambassador of India”. He became the Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895.

#56. In India, topographical map is published from the following organization :

Answer: C

Solution: Topographical maps are prepared and published by the National Mapping Organisation of each country. For example, the Survey (SOI) of India prepares the topographical maps in India for the entire country. The topographical maps are drawn in the form of series of maps at different scales.

#57. Inflation is

Answer: D

Solution: Inflation is defined as the general rise in the price of commodities in the market. The inflation plays key role in the economy.

  • It erodes the purchasing power of people and hurts the people living on the margin.
  • Low level of inflation is good for the health of economy as it benefits the investors.

#58. The waves produced by motor boat sailing on water are

Answer: C

Solution: The waves produced by a motorboat sailing in water are of both transverse and longitudinal type. Transverse waves are produced on the surface and longitudinal waves are produced deep inside the water.


#59. Pakistan Resolution was taken on

Answer: D

Solution: Pakistan Resolution was taken in March 1940.

With the passage of this Resolution, the Muslims of the sub-continent changed their demand from “Separate Electorates” to a “Separate State.” This Resolution rejected the idea of a United India and the creation of an independent Muslim state was set as their ultimate goal.

#60. New Delhi, the new Capital of India was inaugurated by Lord Irwin in the year

Answer: C

Solution: The foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by George V during the Delhi Durbar of 1911. It was designed by British architects Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. The new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931, by Viceroy and Governor-General Irwin.

#61. Sharavati Hydroelectric Project is located in:

Answer: B

Solution: Sharavati Power Project is situated in Karnataka.

#62. Who is the author of Allahabad Pillar Inscription?

Answer: B

Solution: Harishena was the court poet of Samudragupta, he wrote the inscriptions on Allahabad Pillar.

#63. Solder used for joining metal parts together is an alloy of

Answer: D

Solution: Soldering is a joining process used to join different types of metals together by melting solder. Solder is a metal alloy usually made of tin (Sn) and lead (Pb) which is melted using a hot iron.

#64. According to the Census of India 2011, which one of the following Union Territories had the highest sex ratio?

Answer: B

Solution: Pondicherry has the highest sex ratio in UTs.

#65. Which commodity tops the current list of imported commodity of India?

Answer: D

Solution: Crude Petroleum constitutes the largest fraction of the import in terms of revenue.

#66. When was the First Industrial Policy resolution taken?

Answer: C

Solution: In 1948, immediately after Independence, Government introduced the Industrial Policy Resolution. This outlined the approach to industrial growth and development. It emphasised the importance to the economy of securing a continuous increase in production and ensuring its equitable distribution.

#67. The solar cooker works on the same principle as

Answer: C

Solution: The correct answer is Greenhouse effect. The solar cooker works on the same principle as the Greenhouse effect. Solar cooker works on the principle to convert sunlight into heat energy and the heat energy trapped is used for cooking.

#68. Government of India passed the Act to protect the human rights in the year

Answer: B

Solution: The Protection of Human Rights Act came in the year 1993. The main objective of protection of Human Rights Act 1993 is protecting human beings from violations.

#69. Mansab means

Answer: A

Solution: The term mansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a position or rank. It was a grading system used by the Mughals to fix (1) rank, (2) salary and (3) military responsibilities.

Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called zat. The higher the zat, the more prestigious was the noble’s position in court and the larger his salary.

#70. Judges of Supreme Court retire at the age of

Answer: C


Tenure of Judges: The Constitution has not fixed the tenure of a judge of the Supreme Court. However, it makes the following three provisions in this regard:

  1. He holds office until he attains the age of 65 years.
  2. He can resign his office by writing to the president.
  3. He can be removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament.

#71. Central Rice Research Institute is located in

Answer: A

#72. Who was involved with the 'India Independence League'?

Answer: D

Solution: The Indian Independence League was a Political Organization that was founded by Rash Behari Bose in 1920-1940. It was set up to organize those Living outside India into seeking the removal of East India colonial rule in India.

#73. President of India is elected by

Answer: D

Solution: The President is elected by members of Electoral College consisting of:

  1. The elected members of both the Houses of Parliament;
  2. The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the states; and
  3. The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry.

#74. What was the major symbol of Mahatma Gandhi during his non-violent freedom struggle?

Answer: B

#75. If the length of the filament of a heater is reduced by 10%, the power of the heater will

Answer: B

#76. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize is awarded in the field of

Answer: B

Solution: The purpose of the award is to recognise outstanding Indian work in science and technology. 

#77. A boat floating in a tank is carrying some passengers. If the passengers drink water from the tank, how will it affect the water level of the tank?

Answer: D

Solution: Total mass on the boat is still the same.

#78. Punarbhava and Atrai are the distributaries of the following river :

Answer: B

#79. A pendulum clock that keeps correct time on the earth, is taken to moon. It will then run

Ans: (D)

Solution: Pendulum will take √6 times more time in one oscillation on the moon and it will run √6 times slower.

#80. Article 21 of the Indian Constitution ensues

Answer: C

Solution: The Right to Protection of Life and personal liberty is the main object of Article 21.

It guarantees the life and personal liberty to all persons. It guarantees the right of persons to life with human dignity and includes all aspects of life which go to make a person’s life meaningful, complete and worth living.


#81. Who wrote 'Poverty and Unbritish Rule in India'?

Answer: B

Solution: Dadabhai Naoroji proposed that poverty in India was caused by the colonial rule as a result of drain of wealth.

#82. The names of Sidho and Kanho are associated with which rebellion?

Answer: C

Solution: In 1855, i.e. two years before the Great Revolt of 1857, two Santhal brothers Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu organised this the Santhal movement.

The rebellion began as a reaction to end the revenue system of the British East India Company (BEIC) in the tribal belt of Bengal Presidency.

#83. The chopping of an onion makes one cry because of the chemical containing

Answer: A

Solution: When an onion is cut, certain compounds are released causing the nerves around the eyes to become irritated causes flow of tears. These compounds consist of methionine and cystine having main component as Sulphur. 

#84. Which one of the following sequence of the Himalayan ranges from south to north is correct?

Answer: D

Solution: See the map.

Valley of Kashmir
Valley of Kashmir

#85. A spring of spring constant ft is cut into two equal halves. The spring constant of each half is now

Answer: C

Solution: When it is cut into two equal parts its length decreases to half & simultaneously spring constant increases to 2K.

#86. Who had designed the first Indian National Flag?

Answer: D

Solution: The Indian flag is said to have been designed for the first time by Sister Nivedita, a disciple of Swami Vivekananda, in 1904. The flag was made up of two colours, red and yellow.

#87. In which year Salt Satyagraha took place?

Ans: (B)

Solution: Salt Satyagraha March started on 12th March 1930 from Sabarmati Ashram and reached Dandi after 24 days on 6th April 1930.

#88. The ratio of the diameters of moon and earth is nearly

Ans: (C)

Solution: The diameter of the Moon is approximately one fourth of the diameter of the Earth.

#89. Who was the English Officer-in-Charge of Delhi at the time of the revolt of 1857?

Ans: (E)

Solution: Lord Charles Canning was the governor general of India during the Indian Mutiny of 1857.

#90. By which act, the English declared that "all offices in India open to merit irrespective of nationality or colours"?

Ans: (B)

Solution: The charter act of 1833 left all the government services open to Indian and announced that the merit will be the sole criterion for the selection to theses posts.

#91. Who among the following set up 'The Hindu Association'?

Ans: (A)

Solution: Hindu Association founded by Mrs. Annie Besant in 1904.

#92. Match List-I with list-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I List II
A. Ilbert Bill 1. Lord Lytton
B. Second Afgan War 2. Lord Ripon
C. The religious Disabilities Act 3. Lord Dalhausie
D. The Ancient Monument Act 4. Lord Curzon

Ans: (D)

Solution: The Ilbert Bill was a bill formally introduced in1883 during the Viceroyship of the Lord Ripon.

The Second Anglo-Afghan War was a military conflict fought between the British and the Emirate of Afghanistan from 1878 to 1880.  Lord Lytton was the viceroy during this war.

The Religious Disabilities Act was introduced in 1850 which changed the Hindu Law of Property. It enabled a convert from Hinduism to other religion to inherit the property of his father. It was passed during the regime of Lord Dalhousie. 

The Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1904 was passed in 1904 by British India during the times of Lord Curzon.

#93. Who among the following was not associated with the 'kakori train robbery case'?

Ans: (D)

Solution: Sukhdev was not involved in the Kakori Train Robbery. Kakori Train Robbery took place at Kakori near Lucknow in the year 1925. The involved freedom fighters were Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan, Rajendra Lahiri, Chandra Shekhar Azad.

#94. Which one of the following is not correctly matched?

Ans: (A)

Solution: The Chauri Chaura incident took place on 4 February 1922 at Chauri Chaura in the Gorakhpur.

#95. In which area of Bihar, the 'Fateh Shahi Revolt' occurred?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Raja Veer Fateh Bahadur Shahi was Raja of  today’s Gopalganj district of Bihar in India. He waged a guerrilla warfare campaign against the East India Company after being deposed from his estate.

#96. In Which month, Pir Ali started the revolt against the British in Patna?

Ans: (C)

Solution: on 3 July, 1857, a group of armed men under the leadership of Peer Ali attacked the English settlement in Patna and thereby started the revolt.

#97. In which year, 'Bihar Kisan Sabha' was established?

Ans: (B)

Solution: The Kisan Sabha movement started in Bihar under the leadership of Sahajanand Saraswati. Kisan Sabha  was formed in 1929 in Bihar.

#98. Who was the first president of the Bihar Congress committee?

Ans: (B)

Solution: Maulana Mazharul Haque was the first president of Bihar Congress committee.

#99. In which city of Bihar, the annual Indian National Congress conference, 1922 was held?

And: (D)

Solution: In 1922, the session of Indian National Congress was held at  Gaya.  Chittaranjan Das was the President of the Gaya Session of INC.

#100. The cause of diamand shine is

Ans: (D)

Solution: Diamond has very high refractive index. It is because of this property that diamond sparkles. When light enters the diamond crystal, it suffers multiple total internal reflections and due to this, it sparkles.

#101. A boy stands at 30 cm distance in front of a mirror. He sees his direct image whose height is 1/5 of his actual height. Which mirror does he use?

Ans: (B)

Solution: This is the case of image formed by Convex mirror when the object is placed between Focus and infinity.

Convex Mirror
Convex Mirror

#102. We cannot see in the fog, because

Ans: (D)

Solution: We can not see through the fog as the water droplets causes scattering of light.

#103. The power in the supply line is transferred at high voltage

Ans: (D)

Solution: The primary reason that power is transmitted at high voltages is to increase efficiency. As electricity is transmitted over long distances, there are inherent energy losses along the way. High voltage transmission minimizes the amount of power lost as electricity flows from one location to the next.

#104. The current capacity of a fuse wire does not depend

Ans: (A)

Solution: The current carrying Capacity of the Fuse wire depends mainly on the Diameter of the wire and the material of composition of the wire.

#105. All magnetic materials lose their magnetic properties

Ans: (D)

Solution: Magnetic materials lose their magnetic properties when they are Heated. If the magnetic material is heated above Curie temperature, the magnetic materials lose their magnetic properties.

#106. Hot-wire ammeters are used to measure

Ans: (D)

Solution: Hot wires ammeters uses the heating effect of current to measure the current in a path. As both AC and DC currents produced heat, so it is used to measure both AC and DC currents.

#107. Why gelatin is used a lot in making ice-cream?

Ans: (B)

Solution: Gelatin is an emulsifier and is used to make the ice cream of soft texture and fresh appearance. It prevents the formation of crystals in ice cream.

#108. Which of the following is not a colloid

Ans: (C)

Solution: Butter, Milk and blood are colloids as it will get dispersed when added to water, and the solution becomes dilute. However, Ghee will not dissolve.

#109. Which of the following are the highest boiling point?

Ans: (A)

Solution: H2o has the highest boiling point among H2O,H2S,H2Se and H2Te because of intermolecular hydrogen bonding.

#110. Urea can be identified by

Ans: (A)

Solution: Biuret test is actually a confirmatory test for urea.

About Biuret Test: When urea is heated to a temperature above 405 K, ammonia is evolved and crystalline biuret is formed. On adding a drop of CuSO4 to an alkaline solution of biuret, violet colour appears. This serves as a test (Biuret test) for urea.


#111. Nowadays the most popular and safe sugar option is

Ans: (B)

#112. 'Thalassemia' ias a hereditary disease affecting

Ans: (A)

#113. Which of the following is not a true amphibian animal?

Ans: (A)

Solution: Tortoises are considered as reptiles and not amphibians because they have a backbone.

#114. Who is the author of the book, An Era of Darkness?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Shashi Tharoor is the writer of book ‘An Era of Darkness: The British Empire in India’.

#115. 'Electrol Bonds' scheme was launched in

Ans: (A)

Solution: The electoral bond is encashed by an eligible political party through a designated bank account with the authorised bank. It was launched on January 02, 2018.

#116. Arrange the following rivers in descending order of their basin area:
(a) Brahmputra
(b) Krishna
(c) Tapi
(d) Kaveri

Ans: (3)

#117. If global temperature rises by 2°C, which of the following effects can be seen on the earth?
(a) Annual flooding
(b) Insect born diseases like Malaria
(c) Shift of agricultural regions
(d) Several species of plants and animals will become extinct

Ans: (1)

Solution: All of the Statements are the possible outcome of Global warming.

#118. The following map of Eastern Himalayan region shows four mountain ranges which are numbered as 1, 2, 3, 4.

Which of the following sequences of these mountain ranges from West to East is correct?

Ans: (2)

Solution: See map

#119. Fishing in India is poorly developed because:
(a) Dependence on food crops
(b) Facilities for preservation of fish are limited
(c) Government is not giving encouragement to develop fishing
(d) Market is not much favourable

Which of the above statements are correct?

Ans: (3)

Solution: The Government has launched the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) for the development of marine & inland fisheries. Hence, Option (c) is not correct. 

#120. Soil erosion has affected large tracts of our country. Which is a state with the largest area under soil erosion ?

Ans: (1)

Solution: The largest area affected by soil erosion is in Rajasthan.

#121. How much percent weight of sugarcane can be converted into sugar?

Ans: (4)

Solution: Out of the total weight of Sugarcane, about 10% can be converted into Sugar.

#122. The thick line drawn in the following map of India shows:

Ans: (2)

Solution: In the given map the line represents ‘water divide’ between east flowing rivers and west flowing rivers.  

Definition of Water Divide: An elevated area like a mountain or an upland, which separates two drainage basins is known as water divide.

#123. Some of the species from India are as follows:
(a) Tiger
(b) Indian Cheetah
(c) Salemendar
(d) Gibbon
(e) Great Indian Bustard
(f) Two Horn Rhinoceros

Which is / are the extinct species from India ?

Ans: (4)

Solution: Cheetah and Two Horn Rhinoceros are extinct in India.

#124. Statements about Eutrophication:
(a) The eutrophication occurs in lotic water body primarily in hilly region.

(b) The eutrophication occurs in lentic water and there is gradual accumulation of organisms and their products.

(c) The eutrophication promotes fish growth as algal blooms serve as source of food to fishes.

(d) The eutrophicated water is oxygen rich and safe for human consumption without treatment.

Which is/are the correct statement(s)?

Ans: (3)

Solution: Algal blooms are dense layers of tiny green plants that occur on the surface of lakes and other bodies of water when there is an overabundance of nutrients (primarily phosphorus) on which algae depend. This effect is called eutrophication.

#125. Which of the following was replaced by multi-dimensional poverty Index in 1997?

Ans: (4)

Solution: Multidimensional poverty Index replaced the Human poverty Index in 1997. This index is released by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative.

#126. Which of the following was not an objective of land reforms policy of India?

Ans: (3)

Solution: Agriculture Finance is not the agenda of Land Reform in India.

#127. Poverty Gap is a better measure of absolute poverty than Head Count Ratio because

Ans: (3)

#128. Consider the following statements about the livestock resources of India :
(a) India has the largest number of cattle in the world.

(b) Indian cow is called tea-cup-cow as average yield of milk per cow is poor.

(c) About 50 percent of the worlds total population of buffaloes is in India.

(d) Buffaloes account for about 50 percent of milk production in India.

Which of the above statements is incorrect?

Ans: (4)

Solution: All of the Statements are correct.

#129. Which of the following may be called as co-factor of an enzyme?

Ans: (1)

Solution: With the help of Iron, the enzyme acts as the catalyst.

#130. Generally through kidney which of the following is not filtered?

Ans: (4)

Solution: Protein and Sugar are not usually removed when the kidneys filter waste from the blood.

#131. ______ is a natural drug.

Ans: (1)

Solution: Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate family that is found naturally in opium.

#132. Atoms are held together in a molecule by _______.

Ans: (2)

Solution: Intramolecular forces are the forces that hold atoms together within a molecule. Intermolecular forces are forces that exist between molecules.

Molecular Forces
Molecular Forces

#133. Potato Chips manufacturers usually flush bags of chips with some gas to prevent the chips from getting oxidised. Which of the following gases is used for the purpose:

Ans: (3)

Solution: Chips are flushed with nitrogen as it contains fats and oil and it becomes rancid after sometime because of oxidation. Presence of nitrogen helps food to save from rancidity.

#134. Indicate which of the following is a pure substance?
(a) Iron
(b) Gasoline
(c) Cow's milk
(d) Sea Water

Ans: (2)

Solution: The typical composition of gasoline hydrocarbons, it is a mixture and is not pure. Similarly, milk is an example of emulsion and sea water is a solution.

Here, Iron is an element and is pure.

#135. Who is the first non- Indian recipient of the Bharat Ratna award?

Ans: (3)

Solution: Abdul Ghaffar Khan of Pakistan was awarded with Bharat Ratna in 1987. He was the first foreigner to receive the prestigious award.

#136. Who can remove the Chairman of the State Public Service Commission ?

Ans: (1)

Solution: Chairman and members of a SPSC are appointed by the governor, they can be removed only by the president on the recommendation of Supreme Court.

#137. Which one of the following is not mentioned in the Constitution of India as a fundamental duty ?

Ans: (3)

Solution: Right to vote is a legal and constitutional right and not a fundamental duty.

#138. Which one of the following statements regarding the Association of South East Asian Nations ( ASEAN) is not correct?

(a) ASEAN was established in the year 1967 in Bangkok by five member countries.

(b) Singapore is one of the founder members of ASEAN.

(c) India is sectorol dialogue partner of ASEAN.

(d) ASEAN has ten members.

Ans: (3)

Solution: ASEAN-India dialogue relations have grown from a sectoral dialogue partnership in 1992 to a full dialogue partnership in December 1995.

#139. Which city is called the 'Queen of Arabian Sea' ?

Ans: (2)

Solution: Kochi was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries and is called the queen of Arabian sea.

#140. Which one of the following languages of the world has the least number of words?

Ans: (3)

Solution: Hawaiian languages of the world have the least number of words.

#141. What is the main jurisdiction of the High Court ?

(a) Original jurisdiction

(b) Appellate jurisdiction

(c) Supervisory jurisdiction

(d) Advisory jurisdiction

Ans: (3)

Solution: Article 143 of the Indian Constitution empowered the Supreme Court with advisory jurisdiction. As per this, even the President can seek Supreme Court’s advice over any issue of law or public importance. Such jurisdiction is not there with the high courts.

#142. Match the features of Indian Constitution with the sources borrowed from different constitutions of the world. (use correct codes)

List I - Features List II - Sources
a. Office of the Governor i. Government of Indian Act, 1935
b. Judicial review ii. British Constitution
c. Directive Principles of State Policy iii. Ireland Constitution
d. Parliamentary System of Government iv. American Constitution

Ans: (1)

Solution: The federal structure and the office of governor is derived from the Government of India Act 1935.

The provision of Judicial review is derived from the American constitution.

The Directive Principles of State Policy has been taken from Irish constitution.

We have borrowed the Parliamentary System of Government from Britain.


#143. What are the 5 most populous cities of India in the decreasing order of their population as per 2011 Census?

Ans: (1)

#144. The Chief Minister of a state can be removed if:

(a) a resolution is passed by 2/3rd members of the Legislative Council or the Rajya Sabha.

(b) in the opinion of the Governor, there is a breakdown of the constitutional machinery in the state.

(c) a no confidence motion is passed by the Legislative Assembly.

(d) a no-confidence motion is passed by both the houses of State Legislature.

Ans: (3)

Solution: The term of the Chief Minister is not fixed and he holds office during the pleasure of the governor.

Condition of Removal:

  1. Chief Minister can be remover by the governor if he violates the constitutional machinery of the state.
  2. He must resign if the Legislature of the State passes a resolution with the absolute majority.

However, Rajyasabha or Legislative Council of the State has no role in the removal of CM.

#145. According to the 73rd Amendment which of the following are optional provisions left to the state governments regarding organisation of Panchayati Institutions ?

(a) 2-3 tier structure.

(b) Fixed tenure

(c) Role and scope of Gram Sabha

(d) District Planning Committees

Ans: (1)

Solution: Option a: The 73rd constitutional Amendment Act has the provision for ‘Three Tier’ for of government. Hence Option a is incorrect.

Option b: The act fixed the tenure to 5 years and is not left open to states to change the tenure. So, option b is incorrect.

Option c: The act do not specify the exact scope of role of Gram Sabha like raising funds, expenditure methodology etc. So, option c is correct.

Option d: The 74th Constitutional amendment act defines District Planning Committee.

#146. The Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission holds office for a period of:

Ans: (3)

Solution: The chairman and the members of the Union Public Service Commission hold office for a term of 6 years until they attain the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.

#147. What are the main provisions of constitutional remedies available to Indian citizens under Indian Constitution?

Select the correct answer using the following codes:

(a) The citizens can move the courts for enforcement of their Fundamental Rights.

(b) The Supreme Court can issue necessary writs for enforcement of these rights.

(c) The Parliament can suspend the right to constitutional remedies by two third majority, which must also the majority of total membership.

(d) The parliament can empower the courts, other than the Supreme Court, to exercise powers for enforcement of these rights without adversely affecting the powers of the Supreme Court.

Ans: (2)

Solution: The constitution of India empowers a person to move to supreme court if he/she wants to get their fundamental rights protected. This right comes under article 32 for Supreme court an article 226 for the high court. It is known as the right to constitutional remedies.

However, article 359 authorises the president to suspend the right to move any court for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights during a National Emergency.

This means that under Article 359, the Fundamental Rights as such are not suspended, but only their enforcement. The said rights are theoretically alive but the right to seek remedy is suspended.

Hence, no formal resolution of parliament is required to suspend the enforcement of these rights to constitutional remedies.

#148. The office of Lokpal and Lokayukta in India resemble which of the following?

Ans: (2)

Solution: The Lokpal is responsible for enquiring into corruption charges at the national level while the Lokayukta performs the same function at the state level.

The terms Lokpal and Lokayukta were coined by Dr. L. M. Singhvi.

These institutions were to be set up on the pattern of the institution of Ombudsman in Scandinavian countries

#149. Which one of the following statements is correct, regarding the International Monetary Fund?

Ans: (3)

Solution: International Monetary Fund (IMF)grants loans to only member countries. IMF does not lend for specific projects. 

It helps the countries that experience a shortage of foreign exchange. 

#150. If an election to the post of the President of India is set aside by the Supreme Court then the orders made by the incumbent until then:

Ans: (2)

Solution: Dispute related to the election of President of India is taken up by SC. SC’s decision in this regard is final. Further, after the election of President is declared null and void, the acts done by the President in his office remain valid even after his removal.


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