Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Explain why suicide among young women is increasing in Indian society.

Q. Explain why suicide among young women is increasing in Indian society.

Ans: The factors contributing to the increasing rates of suicide among young women in Indian society are complex and multifaceted, often influenced by a combination of social, cultural, economic, and individual factors. It’s important to note that suicide is a sensitive and complex issue, and the following explanations are general trends that may not apply universally. Some contributing factors include:

  1. Gender Inequality: Despite progress, gender inequality persists in many parts of Indian society. Discrimination, limited access to education, and restricted opportunities for women may contribute to feelings of despair and hopelessness.
  2. Social Pressures: Young women often face significant social pressures related to academic performance, marriage, and societal expectations. Unrealistic expectations and rigid gender norms may create stress and anxiety, especially when individuals feel they are unable to meet these expectations.
  3. Marital Issues: Marital problems, including issues such as dowry-related harassment, domestic violence, and marital discord, can contribute to emotional distress and increase the vulnerability of young women to suicidal thoughts.
  4. Mental Health Stigma: There is a stigma associated with mental health issues in many societies, including India. This stigma can prevent individuals, particularly young women, from seeking help for mental health problems, exacerbating their emotional struggles.
  5. Educational Stress: The intense competition in the educational system can create immense stress for young women, particularly in the context of exams, career aspirations, and societal expectations. The fear of failure or the inability to meet academic expectations can lead to psychological distress.
  6. Economic Factors: Economic challenges, including limited job opportunities and financial instability, may contribute to feelings of hopelessness and despair among young women. Economic factors can intersect with gender-based discrimination, making it difficult for women to achieve financial independence.
  7. Cultural Factors: Cultural factors, including rigid social norms, limited autonomy for women, and the stigma associated with divorce or failed relationships, can impact the mental health of young women. Cultural expectations may contribute to feelings of shame and isolation.
  8. Access to Means: Easy access to means of self-harm, such as pesticides or other toxic substances, may contribute to the higher incidence of suicide. Restricting access to these means is a critical component of suicide prevention.
  9. Social Isolation: Social isolation, including lack of social support or a sense of belonging, can be a significant risk factor for suicide. Young women who feel isolated or marginalized may be more vulnerable.
  10. Media Influence: Media portrayal of idealized lifestyles, beauty standards, and success can contribute to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem, especially among young women who may compare themselves to these unrealistic standards.

Addressing the rising rates of suicide among young women in Indian society requires a comprehensive and multi-faceted approach, including mental health awareness, destigmatization, improved access to mental health services, gender equality initiatives, and targeted support for at-risk populations.