Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Indian Space Programme

The Indian Space Programme: A Journey of Innovation, Advancements, and Future Goals

India’s space programme has come a long way since its inception in the 1960s. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has been working on developing various space technologies, including satellites, launch vehicles, and space exploration missions. In this article, we will discuss the history of India’s space programme, its achievements, and future goals.

History of India’s Space Programme

India’s space programme started in the early 1960s, with the establishment of the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR). The first satellite launched by India was Aryabhata, in 1975. In 1983, the INSAT-1B satellite was launched, which marked the beginning of India’s communication satellite programme. Since then, ISRO has developed several satellites for communication, remote sensing, and meteorology.

ISRO’s Achievements

ISRO’s achievements in space technology have been impressive. The Mangalyaan mission, launched in 2013, successfully put a spacecraft into Mars orbit, making India the first country to achieve this feat in its first attempt. In 2019, ISRO successfully launched the Chandrayaan-2 mission, which aimed to land a rover on the moon’s south pole. Although the mission’s lander was unable to land successfully, the orbiter is still operational and is providing valuable scientific data.

ISRO has also developed various launch vehicles, including the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). These launch vehicles have been used to launch both Indian and foreign satellites into space. ISRO has also been actively involved in international space missions, including collaborations with NASA and other space agencies.

Future Goals of ISRO

ISRO has several future goals, including the development of the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV), which is designed to provide a low-cost alternative for launching small satellites. ISRO is also planning to launch the Aditya-L1 mission, which aims to study the sun’s corona and the solar wind. Additionally, ISRO is working on developing a reusable launch vehicle and a human spaceflight programme.

ISRO’s space programme is not only aimed at scientific advancements but also has commercial applications. With the development of communication and remote sensing satellites, ISRO has been providing valuable services in the areas of telecommunication, weather forecasting, and disaster management.


ISRO’s space programme has come a long way, and its achievements are a testament to the organisation’s innovation and determination. With its focus on low-cost space technology and indigenous development of satellites and launch vehicles, ISRO has been contributing to India’s growth and development. As ISRO continues its journey towards advancements in space technology, its future goals promise to be both ambitious and exciting.