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# MPPSC Prelims Paper 1 (Test 01)

## Results

### #1. The radiations used in the treatment of muscle ache are

Ans: (A)

Solution: This is the electromagnetic spectrum beyond the visible range 3900 angstroms. Every warm object emits Infrared. Its uses are in the treatment of muscle pain, easing tension, cooking, and also in short-range communication i.e. remote, etc.

### #2. On heating, the resistance of a semiconductor

Ans: (B)

Solution: Increasing the temperature of intrinsic semiconductors provides more thermal energy for electrons to absorb and thus will increase the number of conduction electrons. This ultimately leads to a decrease in Resistance.

### #3. 'Light-year' is a unit of

Ans: (C)

Solution: A light-year is the unit of distance.

1 Light Year≈ 9.461 trillion kilometers

### #4. Which of the following does not change when light travels from one medium to another?

Ans: (C)

Solution: The properties of light like wavelength, speed of light changes when it travels from one medium to another.

The frequency of Light remains unchanged.

### #5. The velocity of electromagnetic waves is

Ans: (A)

Solution: It is the same as the speed of light i.e. 3X10^8 m/s.

### #6. The first man who placed his foot on the moon is

Ans: (B)

Solution: Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon in 1969.

Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface.

### #7. The highest viscosity among the following is of

Ans: (D)

Solution: Among the given options, Honey has the highest viscosity. It decreases with increase in temperature.

The unit of viscosity is kg/m/s.

### #8. Milk is a poor source of

Ans: (C)

Solution: Milk is rich in calcium, vitamin-D, proteins, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, vitamin-B12, and Zinc. Carbohydrate is also present in little amount.

It is a poor source of Vitamin C.

### #9. The breath test conducted by police to check drunken driver has which one of the following on the filter paper?

Ans: (A)

Solution: When alcohol vapor makes contact with the yellow dichromate-coated crystals, the color changes from yellow to green. The degree of the color change is directly proportional to the degree of alcohol in the one’s breath.

### #10. Glucose is converted to ethyl alcohol by the enzyme

Ans: (C)

Solution: Zymase is an enzyme complex that acts as a catalyst during the fermentation of sugar into ethanol and carbon dioxide. It is found in yeasts. So, Glucose is converted into ethyl alcohol in the presence of Zymase.

### #11. Limewater is turned milky by

Ans: (B)
Solution: When carbon dioxide (CO2) is passed through lime water CaCO3.H2O is formed.

### #12. The pH of a solution changes from 3 to 6. The H+ ion concentration will

Ans: (D)

Solution: The concentration of hydrogen ions is inversely related to its pH and can be measured on the pH scale. Therefore, the more hydrogen ions present, the lower the pH; conversely, the fewer hydrogen ions, the higher the pH.

Initially pH = 3 so,  [H ] = 103.

Now, pH = 6, so, [H ] = 106.

So, the concentration of Hydrogen Ion decreases by 1000 times.

### #13. A mixture of sand and naphthalene can be separated by

Ans: (A)

Solution: Sublimation is the process of conversion of solid-state directly into the gaseous form, without even passing through the liquid phase.

### #14. The numbers of sigma and pi bonds in benzene are

Ans: (C)

Explanation: Benzene has molecular formula C6H6 (see the figure).

There is presence of a double bond in between alternate carbon atoms and each carbon is attached to two carbon atoms by means of a single bond and a double bond and a hydrogen atom by a single bond.

So there are a total of 12 sigma bonds and 3 pi bonds in benzene.

.

### #15. The elements present in urea are

Ans: (D)
Solution: Urea‘s Formula is CH₄N₂O

### #16. The poorest conductor of heat among the following is

Ans: (C)

Solution: At room temperature, mercury is a thick, silvery liquid with a very high density and low heat conductivity. It has a relatively high electrical conductivity.

### #17. The vitamin which is effective in blood clotting is

Ans: (D)

Solution: Vitamin K helps to make various proteins that are needed for blood clotting and the building of bones.

### #18. The female sex hormone is

Ans: (A)

Solution: Hormones are natural substances produced in the body. They help to relay messages between cells and organs and affect many bodily functions.The two main female sex hormones are estrogen and progesterone. Although testosterone is considered a male hormone, females also produce it.

### #19. The Nobel Prize for developing treatment of Parkinson's disease was given to

Ans: (A)

Solution: Carlsson’s research on the brain’s chemical signals and the resulting treatment for Parkinson’s disease earned him the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, which he shared with Paul Greengard and Eric R. Kandel.

### #20. The malfunctioning of thyroid gland is due to the deficiency of

Ans: (C)

Solution: Iodine is used by the thyroid to produce hormones. Hypothyroidism results when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones.

### #21. The sensitive area of the human tongue to bitterness is

Ans: (C)

Solution: The bitterness can be tasted at the posterior part of the tongue which is one of four taste receptors of the tongue. It is located toward the back of the tongue.

### #22. Ginger is a stem and not root because

Ans: (B)

Solution: The ginger are considered as stems and not as roots as it contains nodes and internodes. They are known to lack chlorophyll. The nodes and internodes are able to grow into leaves or stalks of leaves.

### #23. The sweetest sugar among the following is

Ans: (A)

Solution: Fructose is the sweetest carbohydrate sugar. It is found in fruits, honey etc. It is also called the fruit sugar.

### #24. Among the following, which is not a true fruit?

Ans: (A)

Solution: Apple is not a true fruit. A fruit is always ripened ovary. Inside the apple fruit , the structure holding the seeds is actually the fruit while the edible fleshy part is actually the swollen wall material of ovary.

### #25. Legumes are highly nutritious because they are rich in

Ans: (B)

Solution: Legumes are rich in potassium, magnesium, and fiber, all nutrients that have a positive impact on blood pressure management.

Legumes are nutritionally valuable, providing proteins with essential amino acids, complex carbohydrates and dietary fibre .

### #26. Clove, a spice, is obtained from which part of the plant?

Ans: (D)

Solution: Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands (or Moluccas) in Indonesia, and are commonly used as a spice.

### #27. In which of the following Harappan cities, furrows of ploughed fields have been found?

Ans: (A)

Solution: In Kalibagan, the Bangle factory, multiple crops on the same land, ploughed field were found here

### #28. Triratna or Three Jewels i.e, right knowledge, right faith, and right action are related to which of the following?

Ans: (C)

Solution: The three principles of Jainism, also known as Triratnas, are:
– Right faith
– Right knowledge
– Right conduct

### #29. Which of the following rulers convened the Fourth Buddhist Council in Kashmir

Ans: (C)

Solution: Fourth Buddhist Council was held in Kashmir under Kanishka.

### #30. Which of the following philosophies of India propounded the atom theory?

Ans: (D)

Solution: The Vaisheshika system holds that the smallest, indivisible, indestructible part of the world is an atom (anu).

### #31. Which Delhi Sultan is known for adopting the 'Blood and Iron' policy?

Ans: (B)

Solution: Balban followed the policy of ‘blood and iron’. As per the policy, he used to be ruthless to the enemies.

### #32. Which medieval Indian empire was famous for elaborated local self-government

Ans: (B)

Solution: Cholas were known for efficient local self-government system in place

### #33. Which Mughal ruler established Karkhanas for painting?

Ans: (B)

Solution: Akbar established a separate department for painting. He started the concept of Karkhana. Karkhana is a Hindustani language word that means factory. These karkhanas were small manufacturing units for various arts and crafts as well as for the emperor’s household and military needs.

### #34. The dual system of governance in Bengal was enforced by

Ans: (C)

Solution: The system of Dual Government was introduced in Bengal by Robert Clive. It lasted from 1765 to 1772. Under this system, the administration of Bengal was divided into Nizamat and Diwani. The Diwani was carried out by the company and the Nizamat by the Nizam.

### #35. Who established Swaraj Party in 1923?

Ans: (C)

Solution: The Swaraj Party was formed by Motilal Nehru and Chittaranjan Das in order to fight British colonialism from within.

They wanted to pressurize the government for various reforms. Keeping in mind these objectives this party was formed. They felt that the method of peaceful protest was not adequate enough for freedom.

### #36. Who among the following participated in the Parliament of Religions held at Chicago in 1893?

Swami Vivekananda (1863–1902) is best known in the United States for his groundbreaking speech to the 1893 World’s Parliament of Religions in which he introduced Hinduism to America and called for religious tolerance and an end to fanaticism.

### #37. Who wrote the famous play, Neel Darpan in which oppression of indigo farmers is displayed?

Ans: (D)

Solution: By 1860 the regional grievances and localized acts of resistance among the peasantry resulted into a general uprising in nine Bengal districts. Later on that year Dinabandhu Mitra published a play, Neel‐darpan, with the planters’ atrocities as its theme.

### #38. The famous Battle of Wandiwash in 1760 was fought by the British against whom?

Ans: (A)

Solution: Battle of Wandiwash, fought in Jan. 1960, is a confrontation between the French, under the comte de Lally, and the British, under Sir Eyre Coote.

The British forces under Sir Eyre Coote, defeated the French in the Battle of Wandiwash in 1760 and besieged Pondicherry. Hence, he got the title, “Hero of Wandiwash”.

### #39. Which of the following acts introduced separate electorate system in India?

Ans: (D)

Solution: Also called as the Minto-Morley reforms were enacted in the year 1909, which provided the system of Separate Electorates in the legislation of British India.

### #40. Swami Sahajananda was realted to which of the following?

Ans: (C)

Solution: The Kisan Sabha movement started in Bihar under the leadership of Sahajanand Saraswati who had formed in 1929 the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS) in order to mobilize peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights, and thus sparking the farmers’ movements in India.

### #41. The largest island of Japan in terms of the geographical area is

Ans: (B)

Solution: Honshu island is the largest island in Japan.

It contains the nation’s highest mountain, Mount Fuji, and largest lake, Lake Biwa.

### #42. Greenland is a part of which one of the following countries?

Ans: (A)

Solution: In 1953 Greenland becomes an integral part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

### #43. Which one of the following districts of India is the largest in terms of Geographical area?

Ans: (B)

Solution: According to Census 2011, the largest district in Indian is Kachchh (in terms of area).

### #44. The State of India with maximum number of wildlife sanctuaries is

Ans: (C)

Solution: Maharashtra has the maximum number of wildlife sanctuaries. According to National Wildlife Database, Maharashtra has 48 wildlife sanctuaries.

Which Indian state has maximum number of national parks?

### #45. Which one of the following states is a leading producer of solar energy in India?

Ans: (B)

Solution: Karnataka was the leading producer of solar energy when the exam was conducted but now its Gujarat.

### #46. Which Article gives the list of 29 functions to be performed by the Panchayati Raj Institutions?

Ans: (D)

Solution: The 11th Schedule (Article 243G) of Indian Constitution was added in 1992 by the 73rd Constitution Amendment Act. This schedule contains 29 subjects.

### #47. Revenue deficit in India implies that

Ans: (B)

Solution: A revenue deficit, not to be confused with a fiscal deficit, measures the difference between the projected amount of income and the actual amount of income. If a business or government has a revenue deficit that means its income isn’t enough to cover its basic operations i.e. day to day functions of government. To remedy a revenue deficit, a government can choose to raise tax or cut expenses. Similarly, a company with a revenue deficit can make improvements by cutting variable costs, such as materials and labor.

A fiscal deficit is a shortfall in a government’s income compared with its spending. The government that has a fiscal deficit is spending beyond its means. A government creates a fiscal deficit by spending more money than it takes in from taxes and other revenues excluding debt. The gap between income and spending is closed by government borrowing.

### #48. The Objective of PM-KUSUM Scheme is

Ans: (D)

Solution: Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) Scheme has an objective of increasing farmers’ income, provide reliable source for irrigation and de-dieselise the farm sector and aimed at ensuring reliable day time power supply for irrigation, reducing subsidy burden on Discoms and providing additional sources of income to the farmers.

### #49. In which of the following colleges Gandhiji has studied?

Ans: (A)

Solution: In January 1888, he enrolled at Samaldas College in Bhavnagar State, then the sole degree-granting institution of higher education in the region. But he dropped out and returned to his family in Porbandar.

### #50. Which of the following persons had participated actively in the revolt of 1857?

Ans: (E)

Solution:

Important leader Associated with the Revolt of 1857

### #51. About which Act, Jawaharlal Nehru Had said, “We were provided with a car with all brakes and no engine”?

Ans: (D)

Solution: About Act of 1935 Act, Jawaharlal Nehru had said, “We were provided with a car with all brakes and no engine”.

### #52. For how many days did Dandi March last?

Ans: (C)

Solution: The twenty-four day march lasted from 12 March 1930 to 6 April 1930 as a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly.

### #53. Who is the author of the popular song, sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamare Dil Mein Hai?

Ans: (E)

Solution: Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna is an Urdu patriotic poem written by Bismil Azimabadi as an ode to young freedom fighters of the Indian independence movement.

### #54. Which movement was started as a reaction to the Partition of Bengal?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Against the Partition of Bengal, Extremists organised the Swadeshi Movement and the Boycott of British goods. The partition led to the growth of revolutionaries and the agitation in Bengal against  British Government spread throughout the country. In 1905, Lord Curzon divided Bengal into two provinces.

### #55. Who among the following advocates had appeared for the INA trials at Delhi in 1945-46?

Ans: (B)

Solution: It included famous lawyers of the time, including Bhulabhai Desai, Asaf Ali, Jawaharlal Nehru, Tej Bahadur Sapru, Kailash Nath Katju and Lt. Col Horilal Varma Bar at Law.

### #56. Where did Madam Cama unfurl India's tricolour flag of freedom?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Bhikaji Cama unfurled the first version of the Indian national flag—a tricolour of green, saffron, and red stripes—at the International Socialist Congress held at Stuttgart, Germany, in 1907.

### #57. Which of the following pairs is correct?

Ans: (B)

Solution: Chittaranjan Das is remembered as ‘Deshbandhu’, or ‘friend of the nation’.

### #58. Which day was declared as ‘Purna Swaraj Day’ by the Indian National Congress?

Ans: (A)

Solution: The Purna Swaraj resolution—proclaimed on January 26, 1930, later to be celebrated as independent India’s Republic Day—called for “complete freedom from the British” but was later interpreted by Prime Minister Nehru as permitting India to remain within the British Commonwealth, a practical concession young Jawaharlal.

### #59. Which Indian state/UT has approved to constitute its own school education board?

Ans: (A)

Solution: The Delhi Cabinet gave approval to the constitution of Delhi’s own school education board.

### #60. Which country re-started the “Cancer Moonshot” program?

Ans: (A)

Solution: The USA announced a relaunch of the “Cancer Moonshot” program started during the Obama administration.

The program was launched with the goal of ending cancer.

### #61. In the following which is fundamental physical quantity?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Quantities that can not be expressed in other physical quantity is known as a fundamental quantity. As per International Standard, there are 7 fundamental quantities as shown below:

1. Length (meter)
2. Mass (kilogram)
3. Time (second)
4. Electric current (ampere)
5. Thermodynamic temperature (kelvin)
6. Amount of substance (mole)
7. Luminous intensity (candela)

Besides these seven fundamental units, two supplementary units are defined. They are for plane angle and solid angle. The unit for plane angle is Radian with the symbol rad and the unit for solid angle is steradian with symbol sr.

### #62. An example of longitudinal wave is

Ans: (B)

Solution: The Longitude wave vibrates in the direction of its Motion back and forth. Sound is Longitudinal wave.

### #63. Dispersion of light is possible by

Ans: (A)

Solution: Lens Changes the Refraction Angle, Mirror reflects the Light and Prism has the potential to disperse the Light wave.

Note: The phenomenon of splitting of visible light into its component colors is called dispersion.

Do you know which component of Light has the Maximum Energy or Maximum Frequency?

Its Violet. Violet waves has the maximum energy because they have the shortest wavelength and the highest frequency in the visible light spectrum.

### #64. At which temperature, the Celsius and Fahrenheit scales coincides?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Formula for Fahrenheit to Celsius conversion is

F= (9/5)XC +32

or, F – 9/5F = 32 (taking F=C)
or, (-4/5)F = 32
or, F = -(32X5)/4
or, F = – 40

Hence, -40 Degree C corresponds to -40 Fahrenheit

### #65. The power of lens is measured in

Ans: (D)

Solution: Power of the Lens is measured in Dioptre.

The Numerical Value of Power of the Lens (Dioptre) is equal to (1/f), where f is the Focal Length of the Lens. The positive Value of Dioptre shows Convex Lens and the Negative Value shows the Concave Lens.

How will you calculate the Power of the Diode in case two Lenses are joined together?

1/f = (1/f1) (1/f2), where f1 and f2 are the focal length.

### #66. To diagnose the medical conditions, MRI technique is used. Which is not used in MRI?

Ans: (B)

Solution: MRI uses a powerful magnetic field, radiofrequency pulses, and a computer to produce detailed pictures of internal body structures. MRI does not use radiation (x-rays).

### #67. When a sound wave goes from one medium to another, the quantity that remains unchanged is

Ans: (A)

Solution: When a Sound Wave goes from one medium to another, the frequency remains unchanged.

But why so?

When a particle travels from one medium to other its amplitude increases on decreases. Further, as the velocity depends on the nature of medium, so velocity also changes. Since velocity changes, wavelength also changes. But the frequency, which is the number of cycles per second remains same.

### #68. Light-year is a unit of

Ans: (B)

Solution: Light year is the unit of distance. It is the distance light travels in one year. Numerically it is 300,000 kilometers per second.

### #69. Which particle is free of charge?

Ans: (C)

Solution: Neutron has no charge.

### #70. Ohm meter is unit of

Ans: (C)

Solution: The SI unit of electrical conductivity is siemens per metre (S/m). The SI unit of electrical resistivity is the ohm-meter (Ω-m).

### #71. The quality of petrol is expressed by

Ans: (B)

Solution: Ignition quality of petrol is expressed by octane number and that of diesel by cetane number.

### #72. Which of the following has highest melting point?

Ans: (A)

Solution: Boron has the melting point of 2,076 °C. This is the highest among the given options.

### #73. An example of antibiotic medicine is

Ans: (D)

Solution: Penicillins are a group of antibiotics used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections.

### #74. The major component of CNG is

Ans: (D)

Solution: Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), is natural gas under pressure. The main component of CNG is Methane.

### #75. The component(s) of acid rain is/are

Ans: (D)

Solution: Sulfuric Acid and Nitric Acid are the main components of acid rain.

### #76. The chemical formula for heavy water is

Ans: (C)

Solution: The chemical formula for heavy water is D20.

Use of Heavy Water: Heavy Water is used as a primary coolant to transport heat generated by the fission reaction to secondary coolant in Nuclear Power Plants.

### #77. The pH value of water is

Ans: (B)

Solution: Water is a neutral solution and its PH value is 7.

### #78. Natural rubber is a polymer of

Ans: (A)

Solution: Natural rubber is a polymer of Isoprene.

### #79. The chemical used for destroying fungi in water tank is

Ans: (D)

Solution: Copper sulfate is used as a fungicide, algaecide in both agriculture and non-agricultural settings.

### #80. Which of the following is not component of chlorophyll

Ans: (A)

Solution: Magnesium is the main element present in chlorophyll, Calcium is not present in Chlorophyll.

### #81. Water in plants is transported by

Ans: (A)

Solution:  The xylem distributes water and dissolved minerals upward through the plant, from the roots to the leaves.

The phloem carries food downward from the leaves to the roots.

### #82. During photosynthesis, green plants absorb

Ans: (D)

Solution: Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants transform light energy into chemical energy.

During photosynthesis, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.

### #83. Oxygen is absent in

Ans: (D)

Solution: The formula of kerosene is C12H26−C15H32. There is no oxygen in it.

### #84. The source of the enzyme 'lipase' is

Ans: (B)

Solution: Lipase is produced primarily in the pancreas and is not found in food.

### #85. BCG vaccine is used for the prevention of

Ans: (C)
Solution: The BCG vaccine is made from a weakened strain of TB bacteria.

### #86. Which hormone is produced by pancreas?

Ans: (B)

Solution: The pancreas produces 2 antagonistic hormones to control blood sugar: glucagon and insulin. The alpha cells of the pancreas produce glucagon. Glucagon raises blood glucose levels by stimulating the liver to metabolize glycogen into glucose molecules and to release glucose into the blood.

### #87. Which among the following help a circulation of blood?

Ans: (A)

Solution: Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell. They play an important role in your immune system, helping your body fight off infection. Lymphocytes helps in the circulation of blood.

### #88. Angora wool is extracted from

Ans: (A)

Solution: Angora hair or Angora fibre refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora rabbit.

### #89. Where is Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary located?

Ans: (A)

Solution: Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is an estuarine mangrove habitat, which is declared as the bird sanctuary, and located along the Mandovi River, in Goa.

### #90. Prevention of cruelty to animals is listed in which List of the Indian Constitution?

Ans: (C)

Solution: “Prevention of cruelty to animals” is listed as entry 17 in the Concurrent list (List-III) given in the Constitution of India which means a law on the subject matter can be made by States as well as Centre governments.

### #91. Khetri Mines situated in Rajasthan is famous for

Ans: (A)

Solution: Khetri Nagar, well known for its Copper Project.

### #92. When is National Statistics Day celebrated in India?

Ans: (C)

Solution: The Statistics Day is celebrated in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis. It is celebrated on 29th June.

### #93. Which spiritual entity has launched ‘Heritage corridor project’?

The Jagannath Temple Management Committee has recently approved Rs. 800-crore heritage corridor project. This project aims to revamp and redevelop the temple and its surrounding areas.

### #94. New Ramsar site "Khijadiya wildlife sanctuary" is located in the State:

Khijadiya wildlife sanctuary is located in Gujarat.

### #95. Newly declared Ramsar site "Bakhira wildlife sanctuary" is located in:

Ans: (A)

Solution: Two new Ramsar sites were announced on the occasion of World Wetlands Day. They are: Khijadiya wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat and Bakhira wildlife sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh.

Ans: (A)