Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Sachindra Nath Sanyal [Short Note]

Sachindra Nath Sanyal was a revolutionary and freedom fighter who played a crucial role in the Indian Independence Movement. Born on 23rd June 1893, in the district of Burdwan in West Bengal, Sanyal grew up in a politically charged environment where he imbibed revolutionary ideas from his family and community. He went on to become a prominent figure in the Indian National Congress and the Indian socialist movement.

Sachindra Nath Sanyal
Sachindra Nath Sanyal

Sanyal was a self-educated man who was deeply influenced by the writings of Karl Marx and the Russian Revolution. He was an ardent believer in the power of the masses and advocated for the establishment of a socialist society in India. In 1919, Sanyal founded the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) with the aim of overthrowing British rule in India. The HRA later became the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), which played a key role in the Indian independence movement.

Sanyal was a prolific writer and wrote extensively on political and social issues. He authored several books, including ‘Bandi Jivan’ (Memoirs of a Prisoner), ‘Krantikari Asha’ (Revolutionary Hope), and ‘Gandhism or Socialism’. In his writings, he highlighted the plight of the Indian masses and called for the establishment of a socialist system that would address the needs and aspirations of the people.

Sanyal’s involvement in the Indian independence movement led to his arrest and imprisonment on several occasions. He spent a total of 23 years in various jails across India, including the infamous Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Despite the harsh conditions in prison, Sanyal continued to write and inspire fellow revolutionaries.

In 1930, Sanyal played a key role in the famous Kakori Conspiracy, which was an attempt by the HSRA to rob a train carrying government funds. The conspiracy was aimed at funding the revolutionary activities of the HSRA, and Sanyal provided the ideological and strategic direction for the operation. The plan was ultimately foiled by the British authorities, and several revolutionaries were arrested and executed.

Sanyal’s contribution to the Indian independence movement was immense, and he remains an inspiration for generations of Indians who strive for social and political justice. He passed away on 7th February 1942, in Gorakhpur jail, while serving a life sentence.

In conclusion, Sachindra Nath Sanyal was a revolutionary thinker and freedom fighter who dedicated his life to the cause of Indian independence. His ideas and writings continue to inspire people, and his legacy lives on as a symbol of courage, sacrifice, and hope.

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