Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

State Animal of Uttar Pradesh

Swamp Deer is the state animal of Uttar Pradesh. It is also called Barasingha. Uttar Pradesh has rich and diverse fauna that includes numerous remarkable species. The swamp deer is a beautiful animal found in the state.  In this article, we will delve into the characteristics, habitat, conservation efforts, and cultural importance of the state animal of Uttar Pradesh.

State Animal of Uttar Pradesh

Appearance of Swamp Deer

The swamp deer is a large and graceful herbivore. Adult males are renowned for their unique antlers that can grow up to 1.2 meters in length. These antlers contribute to their majestic appearance and serve as a symbol of strength and beauty. Females, on the other hand, have smaller and simpler antlers.

With a shoulder height of around 130 to 140 centimeters, adult swamp deer males can weigh up to 180 kilograms, while females are relatively smaller. They possess a beautiful reddish-brown coat with a distinctive light-colored throat patch, making them easily distinguishable from other deer species.

Habitat and Distribution of State Animal of Uttar Pradesh

Swamp deer are primarily found in the Indo-Gangetic plains of northern India, including Uttar Pradesh. They prefer marshy areas, swamps, and grasslands near rivers, where they have access to a steady supply of water and a suitable habitat for grazing. The state of Uttar Pradesh, with its vast and diverse landscape, provides an ideal environment for the swamp deer to thrive.

Conservation Efforts

Despite being the state animal of Uttar Pradesh, swamp deer populations have faced numerous challenges, mainly due to habitat loss and hunting. However, thanks to extensive conservation efforts and initiatives, their numbers have shown signs of recovery in recent years.

The Uttar Pradesh Forest Department, in collaboration with wildlife conservation organizations, has been actively involved in protecting the swamp deer. Measures such as habitat restoration, creation of protected areas, and anti-poaching patrols have been implemented to safeguard these magnificent creatures. Awareness campaigns and community participation have played a vital role in ensuring the survival and well-being of the state animal.

Cultural Significance of State Animal of Uttar Pradesh

The swamp deer holds a special place in the culture and traditions of Uttar Pradesh. Revered for its elegance and grandeur, it has become a symbol of pride for the people of the state. Folklore, songs, and dance performances often celebrate the beauty and grace of the Barasingha.

Furthermore, the swamp deer’s significance extends beyond its cultural value. As an indicator species, its presence indicates the overall health and vitality of its habitat. By protecting the swamp deer and its habitat, conservation efforts contribute to the preservation of a larger ecosystem and biodiversity.


The swamp deer, Uttar Pradesh’s state animal, is a magnificent creature that adds charm and beauty to the state’s wildlife. With its iconic antlers and elegant appearance, it captures the imagination of both locals and visitors. The conservation efforts undertaken by the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department and various organizations have played a pivotal role in ensuring the survival of this unique species. By preserving the habitat and protecting the swamp deer, we not only safeguard a cherished emblem of the state but also contribute to the preservation of our natural heritage for future generations.

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