Licchavi Lyceum


Licchavi Lyceum

Krishna River [UPSC Note]

The Krishna River is one of the most important rivers in India. It holds historical, cultural, and geographical significance. In this article, we will discuss the course, drainage and tributaries of the river.

Narmada River Map
Narmada River Map

Origin and Course of Krishna River

It originates in the Western Ghats near the Mahabaleshwar hill in Maharashtra. Flowing through Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh, it covers a distance of approximately 1,400 kilometers before merging into the Bay of Bengal.

Question on River Origin

Cultural Significance of Krishna River

It has been an integral part of Indian history and culture. It finds mention in ancient Hindu scriptures, including the Mahabharata and Ramayana, enhancing its mythological importance. Numerous temples, ancient ruins, and heritage sites appeared on its banks, attracting devotees. The river has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties.

Irrigation and Agriculture

It plays a important role in the irrigation and agricultural development of the regions in south central India. The river is harnessed through an extensive network of dams, canals, and reservoirs, providing water for irrigation purposes. The fertile plains along the riverbanks support the cultivation of a wide range of crops, like rice, sugarcane, cotton, and fruits, contributing significantly to the agricultural economy of the region.

Flex Box Example

"The Srisailam Dam is constructed across the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh "

Biodiversity and Ecology of Krishna River

The River ecosystem is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. The river sustains numerous species of fish, reptiles, birds, and mammals, including the critically endangered Gangetic dolphin. The surrounding vegetation, wetlands, and mangrove forests provide crucial habitats for various species and contribute to the overall ecological balance of the region.

River Biodiversity
River Biodiversity

Tributaries of Krishna River

It is one of the longest rivers in India, is fed by several tributaries along the course. These tributaries contribute to the river’s water flow, making it a significant lifeline for the regions it traverses.

Tungabhadra River

The Tungabhadra River is a major tributaries of the the river. It originates in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh before merging with the Krishna River near Alampur in Telangana.

Flex Box Example

"The Tungabhadra River is known for its importance in irrigation and hydropower generation. "

Bhima River

The Bhima River is another significant tributary of the river. It originates in Maharashtra and flows through Karnataka and Telangana before joining the Krishna River near Raichur in Karnataka. The Bhima River contributes to the water supply for irrigation, drinking water, and industrial purposes in the region.

Ghataprabha River

The Ghataprabha River is a major tributary in the state of Karnataka. It originates in the Western Ghats and flows through the Belagavi district before joining the Krishna River near Almatti in Karnataka. The Ghataprabha River is known for its scenic beauty and the rich biodiversity along its banks.

Malaprabha River

The Malaprabha River is another important tributary of the this river in Karnataka. It originates in the Western Ghats and flows through the Bagalkot and Belagavi districts before merging with the Krishna River near Kudalasangama. The Malaprabha River is significant for agriculture, hydropower generation, and providing water for various purposes.

Dindi River

The Dindi River is a tributary of the River in Andhra Pradesh. It originates in the Nallamala Hills and flows through the Prakasam and Krishna districts before joining the the river near Avanigadda. The Dindi River plays a crucial role in irrigation and supports the local agricultural activities.

Musi River

The Musi River is a tributary of the Krishna River in Telangana. It originates in the Anantagiri Hills and flows through Hyderabad before merging with the Krishna River near Vadapalli. The Musi River is important for irrigation and water supply to Hyderabad city.

Question on Krishna River Tributaries

The Krishna River, with its historical importance, and ecological significance nourishes the lands, and  sustains millions of livelihoods.